Team Psychology in Sports: Theory and Practice

By Stewart Cotterill | Go to book overview

2
TEAM PLANNING AND EFFECTIVENESS

Introduction

Efforts to build a team often start with the identification of team goals and the development of a clear team mission. The majority of sports teams that are successful are built on a clear vision and a subsequent plan of action to fulfil the vision of the team. Those teams that achieve continued success in sport are usually very well organized, not only in terms of the structures involved in the team, but also in terms of both what the team is trying to achieve and the planning of what steps are required to get there. However, in sport the approaches to planning are generally not as well structured and effectively executed as those in business environments. As a result, there is the opportunity for a team that plans well to gain a significant advantage over its rivals. Recent research on teams has characterized them to be dynamic, emergent, and adaptive entities embedded in a multilevel system (Kozlowski and Ilgen, 2006). Of particular interest here is the recognition that teams are dynamic and continually evolving. As a result, the process of planning should be an ongoing process.

This chapter seeks to understand the principles of good team planning and to explore examples of successful sports teams and the approaches they have adopted. Finally, this chapter will explore guidelines and strategies to plan effectively.


Team vision

Many successful teams begin with someone’s vision for what that team aspires to be. These are often visions that are created by the coach, manager, owner, chairman, or director. As a result, the visions are often imposed on the team, and too infrequently originate with the team. Whether it is about winning trophies and championships, a philosophy of performance, or what benefit the team members take from playing the games, a vision is crucial to success. Successful coaches are able to create and develop a vision of what the team can achieve and strive for (Desjardins, 1996; Fisher

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Team Psychology in Sports: Theory and Practice
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Figures viii
  • Tables ix
  • Preface x
  • Acknowledgements xiii
  • 1- Introduction 1
  • 2- Team Planning and Effectiveness 8
  • 3- Developing a Positive Team Environment 22
  • 4- Role Clarity and Role Acceptance 36
  • 5- Developing Effective Team Communication 48
  • 6- Cohesion in Sport 65
  • 7- Motivating the Team 78
  • 8- Managing Emotions in Team Sports 92
  • 9- Momentum in Sport 106
  • 10- Effective Team Leadership 120
  • 11- Mental and Emotional Recovery 133
  • Reference 146
  • Index 166
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