Team Psychology in Sports: Theory and Practice

By Stewart Cotterill | Go to book overview

3
DEVELOPING A POSITIVE TEAM
ENVIRONMENT

Introduction

Building a positive and supportive team environment is crucial to the successful development and performance of most teams, and in particular those that are successful over a longer period of time. Indeed, successful coaches often have their own way of fostering a positive and supportive environment that allows both the players, as individuals, and the team as a whole to fulfil their potential. However, whilst this ability appears to be an important aspect of team planning, there is very little attention paid to this concept in the sports team literature. Most of what is known about the team environment and the related concept of psychological climate has emerged from research that has explored the operation and planning of teams in business-related settings.

This chapter will seek to explore the relevant concepts of interest including psychological climate (both for the individuals in the team and the team itself), the performance environment (and its impact upon team performance), the development of team values (that often underpin the environment), and finally the closely related concepts of conflict, conflict management, and conflict resolution. As with other chapters in this book the current chapter will seek to explore the relevant theory and then to apply this theory to enhance the development of the team environment, and ultimately to explore practical interventions and guidelines to enhance the environment and overall team performance.


Psychological climate

Early research exploring teams and work groups suggested that the social climate, or the atmosphere in a group, could have significant consequences for that team. Team members’ perceptions of their team influence the degree to which each team member is satisfied and performs to their potential. These two factors in turn are an indicator of the overall productivity of the team (Katz and Kahn, 1978). Building on

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Team Psychology in Sports: Theory and Practice
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Figures viii
  • Tables ix
  • Preface x
  • Acknowledgements xiii
  • 1- Introduction 1
  • 2- Team Planning and Effectiveness 8
  • 3- Developing a Positive Team Environment 22
  • 4- Role Clarity and Role Acceptance 36
  • 5- Developing Effective Team Communication 48
  • 6- Cohesion in Sport 65
  • 7- Motivating the Team 78
  • 8- Managing Emotions in Team Sports 92
  • 9- Momentum in Sport 106
  • 10- Effective Team Leadership 120
  • 11- Mental and Emotional Recovery 133
  • Reference 146
  • Index 166
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