Team Psychology in Sports: Theory and Practice

By Stewart Cotterill | Go to book overview

7
MOTIVATING THE TEAM

Introduction

Understanding how to get the most out of the individual members of the team and the team as a whole is crucial to effective team performance. If you understand the factors that influence team motivation you can plan for and enhance the motivation of the team, and as a result indirectly influence performance. Successful teams are usually pretty clear in regards to what they want to achieve. Crucial to team success, though, is ensuring that the individual members of the team are driven to achieve the goals set for the team, and will strive for better performances. Most coaches understand that the greater the level of effort a team can be encouraged to give, the greater the potential for a successful performance and a successful outcome. Understanding the factors that influence motivation in a team, then, appears to be important in enhancing the potential for success.

This chapter will explore the concept of motivation and specifically how it relates to team sports. In particular the chapter will explore the main approaches to motivation in teams, including the concepts of collective effort, team proactive behaviour, collective efficacy, and motivational climates. As in other chapters of this book the focus towards the end of the chapter will be on practical interventions and techniques that can be used to enhance the motivation of the team.


Motivation

Motivation has been described in terms of energy and the direction of behaviour (Deci and Ryan, 1985). The energy component reflects the amount of effort that the individual chooses to devote to an activity or task. The direction of behaviour reflects the individual’s unique level of personal interest in a specific task or activity. The direction of motivation is determined by the opportunities to which one is exposed and the outcomes of initial attempts at performance (Harter, 1978). Linked to the

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Team Psychology in Sports: Theory and Practice
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Figures viii
  • Tables ix
  • Preface x
  • Acknowledgements xiii
  • 1- Introduction 1
  • 2- Team Planning and Effectiveness 8
  • 3- Developing a Positive Team Environment 22
  • 4- Role Clarity and Role Acceptance 36
  • 5- Developing Effective Team Communication 48
  • 6- Cohesion in Sport 65
  • 7- Motivating the Team 78
  • 8- Managing Emotions in Team Sports 92
  • 9- Momentum in Sport 106
  • 10- Effective Team Leadership 120
  • 11- Mental and Emotional Recovery 133
  • Reference 146
  • Index 166
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