THE RISE OF A NEW DYNASTY
The inauguration of Calvin Coolidge as President of the United States in the light of the coal-oil lamp in the Vermont farmhouse marked a new era in Republican politics.
A new dynasty appeared. For ten years a group of conservative leaders in the Republican organization, chiefly centering about the senatorial leaders, had dominated Republican politics and Republican conventions and Republican caucuses in Congress. These leaders were known as the Old Guard. Custom had staled them. They were becoming corrupt. In Ohio they were disreputable. In many states of the Middle West they shielded petty grafters and became patronage brokers of a rather mean sort. In many states of the South the old Republican organization was frankly mercenary. And everywhere, North, South, East and West, the Republican Party organization--the machine--was becoming merely an organized addiction for office; caring little about Republican principles, which as a matter of fact were not radically different from Democratic principles. In many states Republican leaders were the mes-