Surrogate Suburbs: Black Upward Mobility and Neighborhood Change in Cleveland, 1900-1980

By Todd M. Michney | Go to book overview

Index
Page numbers in italics indicate illustrations.
Abrams, Charles, 185
Absentee landlords, 69, 72, 86, 202, 215, 226, 228, 229, 230
Agency, black, 4, 218, 258
Aid to Dependent Children (ADC), 200, 210, 211
Aiken, W. H., 180
Ali, Muhammad, 214
Allstate Homes, Inc., 124
American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), 51, 116, 130
American Jewish Committee, 185
American League Against War and Fascism, 48, 50
American Veterans’ Committee, 74
Antioch Baptist Church, 122, 180, 222
Anti-Semitism, 61, 71, 127; black, 73, 91, 94
Apartment buildings: abandoned, 205; all-white in post-transitional neighborhoods, 162, 298n49; opposition to, 111–14, 115, 238–39
Arlington House (JCC), 141–42, 143, 144, 152
Atkinson, Earnest, 102, 103, 108, 109, 112
Attic apartments, 85, 202, 228
Baldau, Frank, 72, 73, 181
Banks: black-owned, 53, 121, 124, 181–82, 196; discriminatory lending policies of, 70, 82, 84, 118, 120, 123, 124, 127, 165–66, 180–81, 182, 196–97, 215, 231, 273n51; loans to African Americans by, 29, 37, 173, 182–83. See also Loans and lending; Mortgages
Baptist Ministers Conference, 50, 130
Barnes, John, 245–46
Barrows v. Jackson, 2
Bars, 76, 77, 78, 80, 92, 237–38, 245, 246–47, 317n63
Bass, Arthur, 114
Bauknight, Tillman, 213, 214, 215, 217
Beaches, 45, 47, 48, 49, 88
Bedford and Bedford Heights, Ohio, 257
Beebe, Harold, 59, 60, 63, 68, 71
Berea Homes, 64, 117
Bernath, Stanley and Charles, 124–25
Bethany Baptist Church, 85
Birmingham, Ala., 5, 8
Black building tradesmen, 23, 106, 116–17, 135, 289n42; black-owned construction firms, 118–22, 134, 159; challenges facing, 118–19
Black homeowners. See Homeownership, black
Black landlords, 86–87, 283n61
Black middle class. See Middle class, black
Black Nationalists of New Libya, 247
Black-owned businesses, 12, 42–43, 53, 64; banks, 121, 124, 181–82, 196, 243, 244; construction firms, 118, 119–22, 134, 159, 232; in Glenville, 66, 84–85; insurance companies, 53, 84, 182–83; and LeeHarvard Shopping Center, 213–15; real estate brokers, 7, 186–90, 191
Black suburbanization, 3, 5, 8, 192, 195, 215–16, 232, 256–58
Bledstein, Burton J., 12

-321-

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