Government and Politics in Southeast Asia

By John Funston | Go to book overview

1
BRUNEI
Malay, Monarchical, Micro-state

Roger Kershaw


INTRODUCTION

The micro-state Brunei Darussalam (“The Abode of Peace”) regained its full independence on 1 January 1984. It is the rump of a once extensive empire covering Borneo and surrounding islands, whose “Golden Age” is linked to the name of Sultan Bolkiah (late 15th or early 16th century). Bruneian influence began to erode after Spanish settlement in the Philippines in the late 16th century, then at the hands of a dynamic former vassal, Sulu, in the mid-17th. In the 19th it lost most of its territories on Borneo to Sarawak under the “White Rajas” (Brookes) and North Borneo (Sabah) under Chartered Company rule. Today’s Brunei is totally enclosed — as well as bisected — by Sarawak (Malaysia), except to seaward on the north side.

Brunei was saved from extinction by the establishment of a British “Residency” in 1906, a system of classic Indirect Rule which lasted until 1959 (apart from the Japanese interlude). In 1959, thanks mainly to the strong will and dynastic vision of Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin III, but in part because Britain feared the Indonesian-style radical nationalism of the Parti Rakyat Brunei (PRB or Brunei People’s Party), the Colonial Office yielded executive power over domestic administration to the monarchy. This was contrary to London’s original intention of establishing elected government, corresponding to developments in the neighbouring Federation of Malaya, and Singapore.

Brunei’s 1959 Constitution did, however, make provision for future elections. When these were held three years later the PRB’s victory was overwhelming. This placed the party in a position — even in a Legislative Council only partly elected — to stall the merger of Brunei with Malaya

-1-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Government and Politics in Southeast Asia
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page v
  • Contents vii
  • List of Contributors ix
  • Preface x
  • Introduction xi
  • 1 - Brunei Malay, Monarchical, Micro-State 1
  • 2 - Cambodia after the Killing Fields 36
  • 3 - Indonesia Transforming the Leviathan 74
  • 4 - Laos Timid Transition 120
  • 5 - Malaysia Developmental State Challenged 160
  • 6 - Myanmar Military in Charge 203
  • 7 - Philippines Continuing People Power 252
  • 8 - Singapore Meritocratic City-State 291
  • 9 - Thailand Reform Politics 328
  • 10 - Vietnam Doi Moi Difficulties 372
  • Conclusion 411
  • Index 425
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 435

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.