Women in Law: A Bio-Bibliographical Sourcebook

By Rebecca Mae Salokar; Mary L. Volcansek | Go to book overview

INTRODUCTION

Women were largely excluded from public life until the twentieth century, and still the extent of their access to political and legal prominence varies according to geography, culture, religion, and tradition. Few now in the Western world would deny that women have assumed their places in a variety of significant professions and public positions. In this book we seek to highlight the accomplishments of some 43 women who, through the vehicle of law, have made a difference. Some were trained as lawyers, whereas others used the law to attain other political goals. Often the political agendas they championed were not restricted to issues related to their sex; some sought broader social change. Like the male of the species, some women have achieved infamy, while others found fame. Those whom we have chosen to feature in this book are, in our opinion, of the heroic variety.

Although our scope was restricted to nations in the Western legal tradition, that did not prove to be very limiting. Because the reach of European colonialism was wide, its legal tradition was transported to Asia, Africa, Australia, and the Americas. Only those parts of the world dominated by Marxist legal doctrine, some parts of Asia, and sections of Islamic Asia are beyond our scope. The women selected are disproportionately from some countries because, in part, of the differential progress made by women in certain nations. The disparity also reflects our inability to locate or interest specialists from some regions. This is particularly true of South Asia, South and Central America, Australia and New Zealand, the Mediterranean, and Scandinavia.

A male friend of mine, when wishing to provoke a polite argument, will ask me: “Why were there never any great women composers, painters, writers, sculptors, etc.?” Even if he is referring to eras preceding this century, his premise is flawed. There were women who contributed to the arts: Artemisia Gen

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Women in Law: A Bio-Bibliographical Sourcebook
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Editorial Advisory Board vii
  • Contents ix
  • Introduction 1
  • Florence Ellinwood Allen (1884–1966) 17
  • Mary Arden (1947–) 25
  • Anita Augsburg (1857–1943) 31
  • Suzanne Bastid-Basdevant (1906–) 34
  • Miriam Ben-Porat (1918–) 38
  • Myra Bradwell (1831–1882) 45
  • Beverly Blair Cook (1927–) 51
  • Irene R. Cortes (1920–) 62
  • Takako Doi (1928–) 68
  • Ruth Bader Ginsburg (1933–) 78
  • Brenda Marjorie Hale (1945–) 88
  • Rosalyn Higgins (1937–) 94
  • Leonilde Iotti (1920–) 101
  • Barbara Charline Jordan (1936–1996) 112
  • Sylvie Kanigi (1953–) 118
  • Carrie Burnham Kilgore (1838–1909) 123
  • Helen Kinnear (1894–1970) 129
  • Claire L’Heureux-DubÉ (1927–) 136
  • Jutta Limbach (1934–) 144
  • Burnita Shelton Matthews (1894–1988) 150
  • Beverley McIachlin (1943–) 159
  • Soia Mentschikoff (1915–1984) 171
  • Constance Baker Motley (1921–) 180
  • Emily Ferguson Murphy (1868–1933) 190
  • Eleanor Holmes Norton (1938–) 202
  • Sandra Day O’Connor (1930–) 210
  • Sadako Ogata (1927–) 219
  • Cecilia MuÑoz Palma (1913–) 231
  • Tamar Pelleg-Sryck (1926–) 237
  • Janet Reno (1938–) 248
  • Mary Robinson (1944–) 257
  • Flerida Ruth P. Romero (193?–) 266
  • Simone RozÈs-Ludwig (1920–) 271
  • Wiltraut Rupp-Von BrÜnneck (1912–1977) 277
  • Helga Seibert (1939–) 283
  • Elisabeth Selbert (1896–1986) 288
  • Margaret a. Somerville (1942–) 292
  • Helene StÖcker (1869–1943) 299
  • Helen Suzman (1917–) 304
  • Leah Tsemel (1945–) 312
  • Agathe Uwilingiyimana (1953–1994) 323
  • Simone Veil-Jacob (1927–) 329
  • Bertha Wilson (1923–) 338
  • Appendix 349
  • Selected Bibliography 353
  • Index 357
  • About the Editors and Contributors 371
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