Women in Law: A Bio-Bibliographical Sourcebook

By Rebecca Mae Salokar; Mary L. Volcansek | Go to book overview

MIRIAM BEN-PORAT (1918–)

Miriam Ben-Porat is the preeminent woman in Israeli law. While she was not the first woman District Court judge, she was the first female deputy president and president of a District Court. More importantly, Miriam Ben-Porat was the first woman Supreme Court justice in Israel. When she reached the mandatory retirement age of 70, she was the deputy president of the Supreme Court. Subsequently, she has twice been elected by the Israeli Knesset (Parliament) to serve as state comptroller. Once again, she was the first woman to serve in this position. In 1991, the government awarded her the Israel Prize, the country’s highest award, for her special contributions to society and state. This distinguished career means that Miriam Ben-Porat is the second most important woman (after only former Prime Minister Golda Meir) in the history of Israel.


FAMILY BACKGROUND AND EDUCATION

Miriam Shinezon was born in Whitbeck, Russia, in 1918. The youngest of three sisters and four brothers, she grew up in Lithuania where her parents owned a large textile factory. Despite the comforts and warmth provided by her large, wealthy family, she decided to make aliya (emigrate to the land of Israel) after finishing high school in 1936. It was a most fortunate decision; most of her family was killed during the Holocaust.1

Miriam Shinezon’s entry into the Yishuv (the Jewish community in Mandate Palestine) was helped by members of her extended family who had preceded her and who were already making their mark. Since they had changed the family name to Ben-Porat, Miriam also adopted it. She was one of the first women to be accepted to study law at the Hebrew University, and in 1945, she was admitted to the bar.2

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Women in Law: A Bio-Bibliographical Sourcebook
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Editorial Advisory Board vii
  • Contents ix
  • Introduction 1
  • Florence Ellinwood Allen (1884–1966) 17
  • Mary Arden (1947–) 25
  • Anita Augsburg (1857–1943) 31
  • Suzanne Bastid-Basdevant (1906–) 34
  • Miriam Ben-Porat (1918–) 38
  • Myra Bradwell (1831–1882) 45
  • Beverly Blair Cook (1927–) 51
  • Irene R. Cortes (1920–) 62
  • Takako Doi (1928–) 68
  • Ruth Bader Ginsburg (1933–) 78
  • Brenda Marjorie Hale (1945–) 88
  • Rosalyn Higgins (1937–) 94
  • Leonilde Iotti (1920–) 101
  • Barbara Charline Jordan (1936–1996) 112
  • Sylvie Kanigi (1953–) 118
  • Carrie Burnham Kilgore (1838–1909) 123
  • Helen Kinnear (1894–1970) 129
  • Claire L’Heureux-DubÉ (1927–) 136
  • Jutta Limbach (1934–) 144
  • Burnita Shelton Matthews (1894–1988) 150
  • Beverley McIachlin (1943–) 159
  • Soia Mentschikoff (1915–1984) 171
  • Constance Baker Motley (1921–) 180
  • Emily Ferguson Murphy (1868–1933) 190
  • Eleanor Holmes Norton (1938–) 202
  • Sandra Day O’Connor (1930–) 210
  • Sadako Ogata (1927–) 219
  • Cecilia MuÑoz Palma (1913–) 231
  • Tamar Pelleg-Sryck (1926–) 237
  • Janet Reno (1938–) 248
  • Mary Robinson (1944–) 257
  • Flerida Ruth P. Romero (193?–) 266
  • Simone RozÈs-Ludwig (1920–) 271
  • Wiltraut Rupp-Von BrÜnneck (1912–1977) 277
  • Helga Seibert (1939–) 283
  • Elisabeth Selbert (1896–1986) 288
  • Margaret a. Somerville (1942–) 292
  • Helene StÖcker (1869–1943) 299
  • Helen Suzman (1917–) 304
  • Leah Tsemel (1945–) 312
  • Agathe Uwilingiyimana (1953–1994) 323
  • Simone Veil-Jacob (1927–) 329
  • Bertha Wilson (1923–) 338
  • Appendix 349
  • Selected Bibliography 353
  • Index 357
  • About the Editors and Contributors 371
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