Women in Law: A Bio-Bibliographical Sourcebook

By Rebecca Mae Salokar; Mary L. Volcansek | Go to book overview

LEONILDE IOTTI (1920–)

Leonilde Iotti was born to a rather humble home that combined a strong commitment to socialism with an equal attachment to Roman Catholicism. That mixture would prove eventually to define Iotti’s political contributions. She joined the Italian Communist party and rose through its ranks, though her place was usually decided solely on her attachment to the party leader, Palmiro Togliatti, who was also her lover. After Togliatti’s death in 1964, Iotti was finally recognized in her own right. Her highest position was as president of the Italian Chamber of Deputies, the third highest post in the nation. From that platform, she was able to mold the law and sought to champion the legal rights of women, children, and the family.


FAMILY BACKGROUND AND EDUCATION

Nilde Iotti was born in Reggio Emilia, capital city of the region Emilia Romagna, on April 10, 1920. In the early days of the reconstruction after the First World War and industrial development, her family could be said to belong to the upper working class. Her mother, Alberta Vezzani, was self-educated and helped the family financially by doing laundry for others, while her father, Egidio, was among the few who found employment in the railroad company, at least until 1923, when he was fired because of his involvement in the unions.

Nilde Iotti’s birthplace is particularly relevant to her development. Prior to the unification of Italy in 1860, the territory had belonged to the Vatican State and subsequently became a stronghold of the Socialist party. The ideological and practical conflict that derived from the “cohabitation” of secular and clerical forces ameliorated the quality of both, producing a very lofty and sophisticated political debate while smoothing the edges of animosity in everyday life.1

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Women in Law: A Bio-Bibliographical Sourcebook
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Editorial Advisory Board vii
  • Contents ix
  • Introduction 1
  • Florence Ellinwood Allen (1884–1966) 17
  • Mary Arden (1947–) 25
  • Anita Augsburg (1857–1943) 31
  • Suzanne Bastid-Basdevant (1906–) 34
  • Miriam Ben-Porat (1918–) 38
  • Myra Bradwell (1831–1882) 45
  • Beverly Blair Cook (1927–) 51
  • Irene R. Cortes (1920–) 62
  • Takako Doi (1928–) 68
  • Ruth Bader Ginsburg (1933–) 78
  • Brenda Marjorie Hale (1945–) 88
  • Rosalyn Higgins (1937–) 94
  • Leonilde Iotti (1920–) 101
  • Barbara Charline Jordan (1936–1996) 112
  • Sylvie Kanigi (1953–) 118
  • Carrie Burnham Kilgore (1838–1909) 123
  • Helen Kinnear (1894–1970) 129
  • Claire L’Heureux-DubÉ (1927–) 136
  • Jutta Limbach (1934–) 144
  • Burnita Shelton Matthews (1894–1988) 150
  • Beverley McIachlin (1943–) 159
  • Soia Mentschikoff (1915–1984) 171
  • Constance Baker Motley (1921–) 180
  • Emily Ferguson Murphy (1868–1933) 190
  • Eleanor Holmes Norton (1938–) 202
  • Sandra Day O’Connor (1930–) 210
  • Sadako Ogata (1927–) 219
  • Cecilia MuÑoz Palma (1913–) 231
  • Tamar Pelleg-Sryck (1926–) 237
  • Janet Reno (1938–) 248
  • Mary Robinson (1944–) 257
  • Flerida Ruth P. Romero (193?–) 266
  • Simone RozÈs-Ludwig (1920–) 271
  • Wiltraut Rupp-Von BrÜnneck (1912–1977) 277
  • Helga Seibert (1939–) 283
  • Elisabeth Selbert (1896–1986) 288
  • Margaret a. Somerville (1942–) 292
  • Helene StÖcker (1869–1943) 299
  • Helen Suzman (1917–) 304
  • Leah Tsemel (1945–) 312
  • Agathe Uwilingiyimana (1953–1994) 323
  • Simone Veil-Jacob (1927–) 329
  • Bertha Wilson (1923–) 338
  • Appendix 349
  • Selected Bibliography 353
  • Index 357
  • About the Editors and Contributors 371
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