Women in Law: A Bio-Bibliographical Sourcebook

By Rebecca Mae Salokar; Mary L. Volcansek | Go to book overview

EMILY FERGUSON MURPHY
(1868–1933)

Emily Murphy was the first woman magistrate in Canada and in the British Empire. Although she was neither a university graduate nor a trained lawyer, she made a singular contribution to the evolution of the justice system in Canada, along with several other women magistrates from the same era.1 The significant mark left by these women was a working conception of familial justice that endeavored to depart from the “conveyor belt” intuitive practices of the past, and rather to substitute a person-oriented system designed to address the problems of particular individuals and fashion responses that seemed to meet their needs. In Canada, the female magistrates were among the earliest advocates and practitioners of socialized justice.2

Emily Murphy demonstrated from childhood an independence of mind and later developed a vision of her role as a woman that belied the traditional stereotype of the quiet, compliant female. She was very much her own person and highly self-motivated, combining zest for life, a keen interest in people, a passion for social justice, an abiding curiosity, and boundless energy. It was these strong personal qualities that she brought to her career and were the primary influences on her work as a magistrate. They also propelled her into active involvement in some of the leading feminist and social reform causes of the period from 1900 to 1930.

In her work and attitudes, Emily Murphy stood at the confluence of maternal and rights-based feminism and was heavily influenced by the social purity and social gospel movements. Like many of the social and moral reformers of that age, she reposed great faith in the answers of science, especially medical science, to major social problems.

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Women in Law: A Bio-Bibliographical Sourcebook
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Editorial Advisory Board vii
  • Contents ix
  • Introduction 1
  • Florence Ellinwood Allen (1884–1966) 17
  • Mary Arden (1947–) 25
  • Anita Augsburg (1857–1943) 31
  • Suzanne Bastid-Basdevant (1906–) 34
  • Miriam Ben-Porat (1918–) 38
  • Myra Bradwell (1831–1882) 45
  • Beverly Blair Cook (1927–) 51
  • Irene R. Cortes (1920–) 62
  • Takako Doi (1928–) 68
  • Ruth Bader Ginsburg (1933–) 78
  • Brenda Marjorie Hale (1945–) 88
  • Rosalyn Higgins (1937–) 94
  • Leonilde Iotti (1920–) 101
  • Barbara Charline Jordan (1936–1996) 112
  • Sylvie Kanigi (1953–) 118
  • Carrie Burnham Kilgore (1838–1909) 123
  • Helen Kinnear (1894–1970) 129
  • Claire L’Heureux-DubÉ (1927–) 136
  • Jutta Limbach (1934–) 144
  • Burnita Shelton Matthews (1894–1988) 150
  • Beverley McIachlin (1943–) 159
  • Soia Mentschikoff (1915–1984) 171
  • Constance Baker Motley (1921–) 180
  • Emily Ferguson Murphy (1868–1933) 190
  • Eleanor Holmes Norton (1938–) 202
  • Sandra Day O’Connor (1930–) 210
  • Sadako Ogata (1927–) 219
  • Cecilia MuÑoz Palma (1913–) 231
  • Tamar Pelleg-Sryck (1926–) 237
  • Janet Reno (1938–) 248
  • Mary Robinson (1944–) 257
  • Flerida Ruth P. Romero (193?–) 266
  • Simone RozÈs-Ludwig (1920–) 271
  • Wiltraut Rupp-Von BrÜnneck (1912–1977) 277
  • Helga Seibert (1939–) 283
  • Elisabeth Selbert (1896–1986) 288
  • Margaret a. Somerville (1942–) 292
  • Helene StÖcker (1869–1943) 299
  • Helen Suzman (1917–) 304
  • Leah Tsemel (1945–) 312
  • Agathe Uwilingiyimana (1953–1994) 323
  • Simone Veil-Jacob (1927–) 329
  • Bertha Wilson (1923–) 338
  • Appendix 349
  • Selected Bibliography 353
  • Index 357
  • About the Editors and Contributors 371
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