The Letters of 2 Peter and Jude

By Peter H. Davids | Go to book overview

Commentary on 2 Peter

I. SALUTATION (1:1-2)

Our opening section is in the form of a Greek letter opening, but it also serves as a proper opening to a speech. Aware of appropriate rhetoric, our author gains the interest and favor of his readers by establishing his own reliability and honoring them. This, in the view of Greek rhetoric, establishes the appropriate rapport so that they are prepared for the rest of the letter.1

1Simon Peter, a servant and apostle of Jesus Christ, To those who
through the righteousness of our God and Savior Jesus Christ have re-
ceived a faith as precious as ours: 2Grace and peace be yours in abundance
through the knowledge of God and of Jesus our Lord
.

1 The letter we know as 2 Peter starts in the way a typical NT letter begins. First, the sender of the letter is named: Simon Peter. The name Simon Peter or a variant of it (e.g., “Simon, who is called Peter”) appears over sixty-five times in the Gospels and Acts (e.g., Matt 16:16; Luke 5:8; John 6:68; cf. Mark 3:16; Acts 10:5), so the person intended is not difficult to determine. What is surprising is the spelling of “Simon” (Symeōn rather than Symōn),2 for it appears only seven times in the NT, sometimes for the tribe of Simeon (Rev 7:7), sometimes for another person named

1. Duane Watson, Invention, Arrangement, and Style: Rhetorical Criticism of Jude and 2 Peter (SBLDS 104; Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1988).

2. Some manuscripts, most notably ᵑ372 and B, have the more usual spelling, but it is far more likely that the spelling was regularized in a few manuscripts than that the majority shifted to an usual spelling.

-159-

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The Letters of 2 Peter and Jude
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • The Pillar New Testament Commentary i
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Series Preface viii
  • Author’s Preface x
  • Abbreviations xii
  • Select Bibliography xxi
  • General Introduction 1
  • The Letter of Jude 5
  • Introduction to Jude 7
  • Commentary on Jude 33
  • The Letter of 2 Peter 119
  • Introduction to 2 Peter 121
  • Commentary on 2 Peter 159
  • Index of Modern Authors 319
  • Index of Subjects 322
  • Index of Scripture References 327
  • Index of Extrabiblical Literature 341
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