From Pentecost to the Triune God: A Pentecostal Trinitarian Theology

By Steven M. Studebaker | Go to book overview

3 Eastern and Western Trinitarian Theology

Two approaches to the Trinity shaped the Christian theological tradition. Although the periodically contentious debates between Eastern and Western Trinitarian theology give the impression that they are vastly different theologies, they are actually remarkably similar. Both Trinitarian traditions rely on the doctrine of processions to define the divine persons. Moreover, in both approaches the Holy Spirit has an ambiguous and passive identity. In this chapter I engage both historic figures (Cappadocians, Augustine, Thomas Aquinas, and Richard of Saint Victor) and contemporary figures (John D. Zizioulas and Thomas G. Weinandy) in these two traditions of Trinitarian theology from a Pentecostal Trinitarian perspective. I propose that the Spirit plays a role in the formation of the personal identities of the Son and the Father — and thus constitutes the Trinity as the Trinity. I initially develop this notion in conversation with the Eastern doctrine of the monarchy of the Father; later I examine the Western doctrine of the filioque and mutual-love model of the Trinity. Since Eastern and Western Trinitarian theologies are similar on the basic issue of the processions and the identities of the divine persons, the interactions with both the historical and contemporary expressions of them have some overlap, so I will seek to avoid tedious repetition.


Historical Traditions

The major figures in Eastern Trinitarian theology are Gregory of Nazianzus, Gregory of Nyssa, and Basil of Caesarea — known as the Cappa

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From Pentecost to the Triune God: A Pentecostal Trinitarian Theology
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Pentecostal Manifestos i
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Acknowledgments viii
  • Introduction 1
  • 1 - A Pentecostal Approach to the Trinity 11
  • 2 - The Holy Spirit and the Trinity 53
  • 3 - Eastern and Western Trinitarian Theology 101
  • 4 - Reformed Evangelical Trinitarian Theology 147
  • 5 - Charismatic Trinitarian Theology 187
  • 6 - The Spirit of Pentecost and Theology of Religions 208
  • 7 - The Spirit of Pentecost and Creation 240
  • Epilogue 269
  • Index of Names 271
  • Index of Subjects 275
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