Richard the Lionheart: King and Knight

By Jean Flori; Jean Birrell | Go to book overview

Bibliography

I. SOURCES

A. Principal sources and abbreviations

Ambroise, L’Estoire de la Guerre Sainte, ed. G. Paris (Paris, 1897) trans. E. N. Stone in Three Old French Chronicles of the Crusades, University of Washington Publications in the Social Sciences, vol. 10, October 1939, pp. 9-160 (Seattle, 1939), and, more recently, Marianne Ailes, with Notes by Marianne Ailes and Malcolm Barber, The History of The Holy War. Ambroise’s Estoire de la Guerre Sainte (Woodbridge, 2003).

An Anglo-Norman jongleur-poet from the region of Evreux who accompanied Richard on crusade, Ambroise was an eyewitness to the facts he so eloquently describes. The relationship between his text and that of the Itinerarium Regis Ricardi has been endlessly debated, but it seems that the earlier source is the Estoire of Ambroise, subsequently translated into Latin, then expanded by Richard, Prior of the Holy Trinity, London, between 1216 and 1222.

Benoît de Sainte-Maure, La Chronique des Ducs de Normandie par Benoît, ed. C. Fahlin (Uppsala, 1951-4).

A continuation of the work of Wace, the chronicle of Benoît de Sainte-Maure (also author of the Roman de Troie) was begun about 1170 on the instructions of Henry II (who had by that date dismissed Wace, who had gone out of fashion). Though without either the interest or historical value of the work of his predecessor, it is informative as to the way in which a panegyrist of Henry II could write his history.

Bernard Itier, Chronique, ed. and trans. J.-L. Lemaître (Paris, 1998); Extraits de la Chronique de Saint-Martial de Limoges, Recueil des Historiens des Gaules et de la France, 18, pp. 223ff.

The marginal notes in his own hand of this librarian-monk of the abbey of Saint-Martial, Limoges, a contemporary of Richard the Lionheart, are, though brief, of great interest, thanks to the precision of this fine witness to the events taking place in these troubled regions.

Bertran de Born, Chansons, ed. C. Appel, Die Lieder Bertrans von Born (Halle, 1932); ed. and trans. G. Gouiran, L’Amour et la Guerre. L’Oeuvre de Bertran de Born (Aix-Marseille, 1985); ed. and trans. W. P. Paden, T. Sankovitch and P. H. Stablein as The Poems of the Troubadour Bertran de Born (Berkeley] c. 1986).

-415-

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Richard the Lionheart: King and Knight
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Richard the Lionheart i
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Introduction Richard: a ‘Roi-Chevalier’? 1
  • Part I - Prince, King and Crusader 19
  • 1 - The Early Years 21
  • 2 - Richard the Younger Son, Count of Poitou (1174-83) 40
  • 3 - Richard the Eldest Son, Duke of Aquitaine (1184-9) 57
  • 4 - King Richard 76
  • 5 - Richard in Sicily (1190-1) 93
  • 6 - Cyprus and Acre 113
  • 7 - Richard versus Saladin (1191-2) 132
  • 8 - The Lion Caged (1192-4) 155
  • 9 - Richard versus Philip Augustus (1194-8) 175
  • 10 - The Death of the Lion (1199) 197
  • Part II - A King as Mirror of Chivalry 219
  • 11 - Richard's Image and Chivalry 221
  • 12 - Chivalry Imagined before Richard 244
  • 13 - Richard and the Three Orders 264
  • 14 - Chivalric Prowess 282
  • 15 - The King of England's Prowess 299
  • 16 - Prowess in Outremer 315
  • 17 - Royal Largesse 332
  • 18 - Chivalric Conduct 348
  • 19 - Richard and Women 370
  • 20 - Richard and His Legend 397
  • Bibliography 415
  • Index 445
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