Kiowa Belief and Ritual

By Benjamin R. Kracht | Go to book overview

Kiowa Pronunciations

Though some scholars today use the Parker McKenzie system for rendering Kiowa language terms (Palmer 2003; Meadows 1999, 2008, 2010), I prefer the system utilized by Laurel Watkins (1984).

Kiowa phonemes are as follows:


CONSONANTS (WATKINS 1984, 7)
p’Ejective labial stop; articulated forcefully.1
t’Ejective dental stop; articulated forcefully.
k’Ejective velar stop; articulated forcefully.
phAspirated labial stop; articulated forcefully.2
thAspirated dental stop; articulated forcefully.
khAspirated velar stop; articulated forcefully.
pVoiceless labial stop; as in pat.
tVoiceless dental stop; as in tag.
kVoiceless velar stop; as in cone.
?Voiceless laryngeal stop; glottal stop.
bVoiced labial stop; as in boat.
dVoiced dental stop; as in dog.
gVoiced velar stop; as in goat.
ts’Ejective alveolar affricate; hissing noise.
tsVoiceless alveolar affricate; as in soap.
sVoiceless alveolar fricative; as in sit.
hVoiceless laryngeal fricative; as in hide.
zVoiced alveolar fricative; as in zebra.
mLabial nasal; as in mine.
nDental nasal; as in nice.

-ix-

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Kiowa Belief and Ritual
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Illustrations viii
  • Kiowa Pronunciations ix
  • Preface xiii
  • Acknowledgments xix
  • Introduction - Ethnographic Studies of Plains Indian Religions 1
  • 1 - Kiowa History, 1832–1868 35
  • 2 - Kiowa Beliefs and Concepts of the Universe 53
  • 3 - Acquiring, Maintaining, and Manifesting Power 85
  • 4 - Bundles, Shields, and Societies 137
  • 5 - The Kiowa Sun Dance 197
  • Conclusion - The Collapse of the Horse and Buffalo Culture and the Sun Dance 251
  • Appendix - Kiowa Sun Dance Chronology, 1833–1890 281
  • Notes 287
  • Bibliography 313
  • Index 335
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