The International Handbook of Suicide Prevention: Research, Policy and Practice

By Rory C. O’Connor; Jane Pirkis | Go to book overview

2
International Perspectives on
the Epidemiology and Etiology
of Suicide and Self-Harm

Kirsten Windfuhr, Sarah Steeg, Isabelle M. Hunt,
and Navneet Kapur


Introduction

The global burden of suicide is considerable. It is the 15th leading cause of death worldwide (in 2012) and accounts for 1.4% of all deaths (World Health Organization [WHO], 2014). This translates into an estimated 804,000 suicide deaths worldwide each year (or one death every 40 s), and a global age-standardized suicide rate of 11.4 per 100,000 population (WHO, 2014). Globally, suicides account for half of all violent deaths in men and 71% in women. The first ever WHO Mental Health Action Plan adopted by the 66th World Health Assembly recognizes suicide prevention as an important international priority, setting a global target of reducing the suicide rate in countries by 10% from a base rate in 2012 by the year 2020 (WHO, 2013).

Suicide is a complex phenomenon, influenced by many different and often interacting factors. This chapter provides a broad overview of the current international literature on the rates and risk factors for suicide and self-harm.


Suicide

Definitions and Case Ascertainment

The WHO defines suicide as “the act of deliberately killing oneself” (WHO, 2014, p. 12). Although there are over a dozen definitions of suicide, there is broad agreement as to what constitutes a death by suicide. In contrast, accurately recording a suicide death continues to be a barrier to obtaining accurate suicide statistics globally.

The determination of death is made by the medical examiner or coroner in many countries, although police and physicians are also involved in some countries (Hawton & van Heeringen, 2009). The criteria used to determine a suicide death also vary between and within countries, as does the standard of proof required before a suicide verdict can be recorded (Hawton & van Heeringen, 2009).

The International Handbook of Suicide Prevention, Second Edition. Edited by Rory C. O’Connor and Jane Pirkis. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Published 2016 by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

-36-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The International Handbook of Suicide Prevention: Research, Policy and Practice
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 823

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.