Environmental Science and International Politics: Acid Rain in Europe, 1979-1989, and Climate Change in Copenhagen 2009

By David E. Henderson; Susan K. Henderson | Go to book overview

2
The Game

MAJOR ISSUES FOR DEBATE

Each player has victory objectives built tearound the issues described here. In most cases players have strong feelings about one or two objectives and are indeterminate on the rest. Your arguments in the class should be developed to convince the players who may be indeterminate on your key issues to vote for your positions.

The debate at Copenhagen covered a massive number of issues and went on for several weeks. This game will only address a few of the most important issues. Appendix 4 is an annotated draft of a proposal by the Danish hosts. Note that there are blanks that must be filled in based on what the assembled nations can agree on. Even with the blanks, this document angered many of the delegates for various reasons. Section numbers are provided to guide you to the relevant portions of the Danish draft. The most significant parts of the draft are highlighted in bold type so you can find them easily. The remaining text of the draft, while significant, is not something that most of you will consider in detail at this meeting. In developing your treaty proposal, it is not necessary to write a major document. All you need to do is specify the answer to five points. Table 2 has been provided below to clarify this.


Issue 1: Limits on Green house Gases

The nations at Copenhagen vary in their opinions, from wanting a very restrictive treaty aimed at a 1.5 degree limit corresponding to negative net emissions by 2050 to no limit at all. In addition to a longterm goal for 2050, it is also important to agree on a short-term goal. For purposes of this game, the short-term goal has been set as 2020, but the original Danish draft left this year open for debate. See the draft treaty in Appendix 4 (sections I-3, III-7, V-20, VI-30, and Attachments). Many scientists have suggested 400 ppm CO2 equivalents and 2°C warming would be a good target. Others propose that 1.5°C warming, while more demanding, is required to avoid significant problems. Some propose that global CO2 should

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Environmental Science and International Politics: Acid Rain in Europe, 1979-1989, and Climate Change in Copenhagen 2009
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Note to Instructors viii
  • How to Play These Games 1
  • Contents 8
  • Figures and Tables 11
  • 1 - Historical Background 14
  • 2 - The Game 35
  • 3 - Roles and Factions 41
  • 4 - Core Texts and Supplemental Readings 44
  • Bibliography 106
  • Acknowledgments 109
  • Appendix 1- Introduction to Environmental Philosophy 110
  • Appendix 2- Introduction to Environmental Economics 116
  • Appendix 3- Using Numbers to Make Arguments 119
  • Appendix 4- Study Questions for Reading Assignments 121
  • Contents 124
  • Figures and Tables 127
  • 1 - Historical Background 129
  • 2 - The Game 153
  • 3 - Roles and Factions 159
  • 4 - Core Texts and Supplemental Readings 162
  • Acknowledgments 164
  • Appendix 1- Green House Gases 165
  • Appendix 2- Chemicals in Fossil Fuels 168
  • Appendix 3- Quantitative Look at Combustion Reactions 172
  • Appendix 4- Leaked Draft Document by Danish Delegates 180
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