King Charles the Martyr, 1643-1649

By Esmé Wingfield-Stratford | Go to book overview

get away from the pursuit, which was pressed almost to the gates of Leicester. Except for the cavalry everything was lost--guns, baggage, camp-followers, everything. And even such as had survived of the cavalry were reduced to half, by the fact that the Northern horse, mutinous before, had now no thought but of making the best of their way to their own part of the country, and leaving the King to shift for himself. It was a decision absolute, and without appeal. The King's main army had been knocked out of the war.


II
IDEOLOGICAL RUTHLESSNESS

WHEN nearly three years previously, the King had hoisted his standard at Nottingham, the combat had been between the defenders of what was left of the old Constitution, and the combination of plutocratic revolutionaries that had annexed to itself the question-begging designation of "Parliament". It was ostensibly the Parliament's army that had shattered the King's at Naseby. But it was not Parliament that had scored the victory, but the army itself--for the effect of Naseby was to put it into the power of the army to make itself master of Parliament, King and nation alike, because there was no other force capable of standing up to it. That was the plain logic of the situation, and it remained to be seen whether, or when, it would be pushed to its total conclusion.

This army was no ordinary army. No effort had been spared to work it up into a state of ideological fever. It might have been thought that recruitment by compulsion would have stopped the New Model from becoming such a forcing house of Independent Puritanism as Cromwell's command had been in the Old. But the men, nearly all recruited from Puritan districts, were quick to take their tone from their officers and preachers, and now that they had come to form a united professional force instead of a fluctuating concourse of local militias, they were so much the more ready to take their tone from those already famous units that formed its acknowledged élite.

And indeed, a dreadful proof was to be given on the very evening of the battle of the way in which they were becoming

-112-

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King Charles the Martyr, 1643-1649
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Introduction v
  • Contents ix
  • Illustrations xiii
  • I - The Clinch 1
  • I - The Court at Oxford 3
  • 3 - Newark and Cheriton 7
  • 4 - A Desperate Situation 11
  • 5 - Adieu! 16
  • 6 - The King's Strategy 19
  • 7 - A Night March 21
  • 8 - Rupert's Flank March Through Lancashire 25
  • 9 - The Relief of York and Cropredy Bridge 30
  • 10 - Marston Moor--The Challenge 33
  • II - Marston Moor--The Decision 36
  • 12 - The Escape of the Queen 50
  • 14 - Second Newbury and the Cavalier Recovery 54
  • 15 - Artist as General 58
  • II - Defeat 71
  • I - Tertium Quid 73
  • 3 - "Three Things I Will Not Part With" 76
  • 4 - The Liquidation of the Primate 81
  • 5 - A Foredoomed Negotiation 88
  • 6 - An Irish Imbroglio 92
  • 9 - Prelude to Naseby 97
  • 10 - Naseby 102
  • 12 - The King's Cabinet Rifled 112
  • 13 - The King Takes His Stand 116
  • 15 - Meeting and Reconciliation 124
  • 16 - Last Days at Oxford 130
  • 17 - Hobson's Choice 141
  • III - Captivity 149
  • I - Confidence Trick 151
  • 2 - Third Degree at Newcastle 155
  • 4 - "Barbarously Baited" 159
  • 5 - Foreshadowing Martyrdom 162
  • 6 - A King for Cash 168
  • 7 - Holdenby Backwater 171
  • 8 - The Mutiny of the New Model 173
  • 9 - The Commission of Cornet Joyce 178
  • 10 - The King at Newmarket 189
  • 15 - The Fall of London 203
  • 16 - Cromwell on the Turn 208
  • 17 - A Darkening Prospect 219
  • 18 - Escape from Prison 224
  • 21 - The Engagement with the Scots 232
  • 22 - The Trap Shuts 244
  • 24 - Escape Barred 247
  • 26 - Jane Whorwood 256
  • IV - Martyrdom 285
  • I - The Train is Laid 287
  • 3 - Hurst Castle and Pride's Purge 295
  • 4 - Journey to Windsor 299
  • 6 - Conspiracy to Murder 301
  • 7 - High Court of Justice 308
  • 8 - By What Authority? 313
  • 13 - Cromwell Takes Charge 344
  • 14 - Preparation for Death 348
  • 16 - "Cruel Necessity" 354
  • Appendices 369
  • Index 381
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