King Charles the Martyr, 1643-1649

By Esmé Wingfield-Stratford | Go to book overview

to see, on Rowton Heath. It ought to have been a complete victory, but the principal support on which he had to rely was that same northern horse of Sir Marmaduke Langdale that had let him down so badly in the Naseby operations. These, when the game seemed in the King's hands, simply turned tail and bolted. It was the sort of thing he had to expect now.

To stop in Chester now would only have entailed being captured with it, and the way to the north was barred by the victorious Roundheads--fortunately so, since within the next few days, while the King was trying a brief diversion into North Wales, came the news that the last hope had gone. As soon as Montrose, having established himself as the King's Lieutenant in the Lowlands, had made it clear that he had come to govern and not to plunder them, his Highland army had vanished, and left him with no more than what was his original nucleus of Irish regulars. This devoted handful was overwhelmed by David Leslie's returning cavalry, and after having been admitted to quarter, was slaughtered in cold blood, under the pitiless auspices of the Kirk, to the last man, with all its accompanying women. Montrose was a fugitive without an army, and Scotland more lost than ever.

It was particularly observed at this time that the King showed not the faintest outward sign of discouragement or depression. He might have been conducting a victorious campaign, to judge by his demeanour. Now that he had recovered from the shock of Rupert's failure, he had resumed the almost superhuman self- control that except for the briefest lapses, he was to preserve to the end. There was now nothing for it but to stave off the final collapse for as long as possible, and trust for some miracle to save him--or perhaps for the rebels to start fighting among themselves, an ultimately inevitable contingency.


15
MEETING AND RECONCILIATION

THERE could be no question now of saving Chester. The King could only leave Byron to hold out as long as he could, and set out again on his hopeless pilgrimage, again making for Newark, through which he had passed on a similar quest little more than

-130-

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King Charles the Martyr, 1643-1649
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Introduction v
  • Contents ix
  • Illustrations xiii
  • I - The Clinch 1
  • I - The Court at Oxford 3
  • 3 - Newark and Cheriton 7
  • 4 - A Desperate Situation 11
  • 5 - Adieu! 16
  • 6 - The King's Strategy 19
  • 7 - A Night March 21
  • 8 - Rupert's Flank March Through Lancashire 25
  • 9 - The Relief of York and Cropredy Bridge 30
  • 10 - Marston Moor--The Challenge 33
  • II - Marston Moor--The Decision 36
  • 12 - The Escape of the Queen 50
  • 14 - Second Newbury and the Cavalier Recovery 54
  • 15 - Artist as General 58
  • II - Defeat 71
  • I - Tertium Quid 73
  • 3 - "Three Things I Will Not Part With" 76
  • 4 - The Liquidation of the Primate 81
  • 5 - A Foredoomed Negotiation 88
  • 6 - An Irish Imbroglio 92
  • 9 - Prelude to Naseby 97
  • 10 - Naseby 102
  • 12 - The King's Cabinet Rifled 112
  • 13 - The King Takes His Stand 116
  • 15 - Meeting and Reconciliation 124
  • 16 - Last Days at Oxford 130
  • 17 - Hobson's Choice 141
  • III - Captivity 149
  • I - Confidence Trick 151
  • 2 - Third Degree at Newcastle 155
  • 4 - "Barbarously Baited" 159
  • 5 - Foreshadowing Martyrdom 162
  • 6 - A King for Cash 168
  • 7 - Holdenby Backwater 171
  • 8 - The Mutiny of the New Model 173
  • 9 - The Commission of Cornet Joyce 178
  • 10 - The King at Newmarket 189
  • 15 - The Fall of London 203
  • 16 - Cromwell on the Turn 208
  • 17 - A Darkening Prospect 219
  • 18 - Escape from Prison 224
  • 21 - The Engagement with the Scots 232
  • 22 - The Trap Shuts 244
  • 24 - Escape Barred 247
  • 26 - Jane Whorwood 256
  • IV - Martyrdom 285
  • I - The Train is Laid 287
  • 3 - Hurst Castle and Pride's Purge 295
  • 4 - Journey to Windsor 299
  • 6 - Conspiracy to Murder 301
  • 7 - High Court of Justice 308
  • 8 - By What Authority? 313
  • 13 - Cromwell Takes Charge 344
  • 14 - Preparation for Death 348
  • 16 - "Cruel Necessity" 354
  • Appendices 369
  • Index 381
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