The countries of free Asia have many problems in common-- poverty, lack of industrialization, land problems, illiteracy. They also have great diversities, different forms of government, different religions, important disputes among themselves. To be successful, American policies must be fashioned to take into account both common problems and the individual differences of each nation. And the American public, debating the wisdom of our foreign policy, can only offer constructive support or criticism when there is an awareness of the complexities of the Asian scene.
The following section takes the arc of free Asia country by country, presenting articles that explain why India's policy is what it is, why Pakistan thinks differently, how the Philippines met the challenge of Communist subversion, and so forth. Some aspects of American policy in different countries--our information program in Burma, our military aid to Korea, for instance-- are also described.
NEHRU AND INDEPENDENCE1
The foreign policy of India, often called "neutralist," has been puzzling and annoying to many in the West. But the principles that guide India have been plainly stated by its spokesmen, and India's actions have been entirely consistent with those principles. On this basis India's attitude in a given situation can be accurately predicted.____________________