Frontiers of Medicine in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, 1899-1940

By Heather Bell | Go to book overview

CONCLUSION

The story of yellow fever in Sudan shows a new international medicine emerging and making its mark on an individual country. International concern about the spread of yellow fever by airplane, channelled through international health organizations, combined with the IHD's ongoing preoccupation with yellow fever and its newly available mouse protection test to produce the immunity survey, the results of which placed yellow fever firmly on the Sudan government's agenda. The international sanitary convention on aerial navigation, and the inability to resolve the puzzle that was the Sudan situation, kept it there.

My emphasis on the international dimension is not meant to obscure the continued importance of colonial relationships; 'international' medicine and 'colonial' medicine were not mutually exclusive. Nor do I wish to suggest that international initiatives necessarily overrode national (or colonial) sovereignty. The Rockefeller Foundation was in many respects an international agency, and certainly in Africa, in contrast to Latin America, it appeared to be a neutral third party, with no vested political and economic interests. Pursuing its international agenda did, however, depend on collaborative relationships with the British government, many of its colonial administrations in Africa, and researchers such as Findlay at the Wellcome Bureau and Hewer of the SMS. International medicine in this context served as a reinforcement, rather than a negation of the colonial system. Highlighting the contrasts between Sudan and Uganda, and between French and British attitudes to the protection test, yellow fever also supports the argument, made in Chapter 5, that different colonialisms produced different approaches to disease control and that precisely because of its emphasis on the colony, 'colonial medicine' is an apposite term. Pressure from Britain undoubtedly encouraged Sudan's compliance with the ISC and its cooperation with the Rockefeller Foundation, though over the matter of the laboratory, Sudan showed a determination to go its own way. It is, however, true that the imperialism of interest in this story is not that of mother countries controlling colonial governments, or of colonial officials exerting influence over colonized populations; indeed the lack of engagement with, and concern about, Sudanese people is one of the striking features of the yellow fever investigation. The overpowering imperialism in this chapter is that of self- confident medical researchers pursuing their chosen problem around the world, ignoring all national boundaries in order to push back the frontiers of medical knowledge.

-195-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Frontiers of Medicine in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, 1899-1940
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS vii
  • Contents ix
  • Illustrations x
  • Contents xi
  • Abbreviations xii
  • GLOSSARY xiv
  • I- The Boundaries of Colonial Medicine 1
  • 2: Medical Policy and Medical Practitioners 22
  • 3- The Wellcome Tropical Research Laboratories and the Organization Of Research 55
  • Conclusion 88
  • Conclusion 124
  • 5- Sleeping Sickness and the Ordering Of the South 127
  • Conclusion 161
  • 6- The International Construction Of Yellow Fever 163
  • Conclusion 195
  • 7- Midwifery Training and the Politics Of Female Circumcision 198
  • Conclusion 226
  • 8- Conclusion 229
  • Bibliography 234
  • Index 255
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 266

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.