Charles Turner Thackrah, The Effects of Arts, Trades and Professions, and of Civic States and Habits of Living: With Suggestions for the Removal of Many of the Agents which Produce Disease, and Shorten the Duration of Life ( 1831), 2nd edn. ( London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, Green and Longman, 1832), 164-7.
In the first major systematic attempt to study the psychological effects of various industrial occupations, Thackrah divides the population into five classes: operatives; dealers; master-manufacturers and merchants; independent man and professional men. The following describes the dangers facing 'merchants and master manufacturers'.
Of the causes of disease, anxiety of mind is one of the most frequent and important. When we walk the streets of large commercial towns, we can scarcely fail to remark the hurried gait and care-worn features of the well-dressed passengers. Some young men, indeed, we may see, with countenances possessing natural cheerfulness and colour; but these appearances rarely survive the age of manhood. Cuvier1 closes an eloquent description of animal existence and change, with the conclusion that 'Life is a state of Force.' What he would urge in a physical view, we may more strongly urge in a moral. Civilization has changed our____________________