Mexico's Development Plans and Strategies
PLANNING was pervasive in Mexico during the López Portillo administration, from 1976 until 1982. Development plans were drawn up for urban affairs, industry, employment, energy, agro-industry, nutrition, water resources, education, and more, all reasonably consistent with each other and with Mexico's global development plan. In addition to these general and sector plans, programs were developed or extended in subsectors, for example, for the automotive and pharmaceutical industries.1 The crisis that beset the Mexican economy in 1982 and 1983 meant that the plans would not be carried put on schedule, if ever. Indeed, a new national development plan was issued in 1983 during the de la Madrid administration.2 Nevertheless, the old plans do represent a codification of Mexican aspirations and deserve analysis for this reason as well as for their intrinsic content.
Each plan contains a diagnosis of the problem in that particular area, objectives, and actions needed to achieve the objectives. Taken together, the plans set forth in a coherent framework the intended program of Mexico's government between 1978 and 1980, when the plans were released. The plans were precise for the period until 1982, when the López Portillo administration came to an end, but the intent was to set the policy framework in each area until 1990. Since no administration can commit the one that succeeds it and certainly not the one that succeeds that, the stated objectives and actions are progressively more vague from 1982 onward. But some degree of continuity of aspiration is____________________