This illustrious son of Carolina, pre-eminently distinguished for his eloquence, ability, statesmanship and patriotism, was born in Charleston in 1739. His father, Dr. John Rutledge, and his brother, Andrew, came to South Carolina in 1735, from Ireland. Andrew was a lawyer. About the same time a wine merchant by the name of Hext, emigrated from England and settled in Charleston. He died soon afterwards, and Andrew Rutledge married his widow, and John married his youngest daughter, who gave birth to Chief Justice Rutledge in her fifteenth year. She afterwards gave birth to Edward Rutledge, signer of the Declaration of Independence and Governor of South Carolina, and also Hugh Rutledge, who was one of the Chancellors of the State. There were four sisters of Mrs. Rutledge, and one of them married John McCall, another married Prioleau, a third married Dart, and the fourth, Mr. Roper. Mrs. Rutledge was a woman of great energy and more than ordinary endowments. She was left a widow at an early age, and had the entire education of her children. Possessing an ample fortune in her own right, she sent her sons to England to finish their education.
John Rutledge, after completing his college studies, determined to read law, and was entered a student of the Temple in London, and in due course of time was licensed as a barrister. He returned home in 1761, and commenced his brilliant professional career. The first case in which he was employed was for a breach of a marriage promise. His debut at the Bar astonished and electrified the court and jury. At one bound he