The historian has said that Oliver Ellsworth, the third Chief Justice of the United States, was the pride of Connecticut. He was indeed, the highest type of the New England character. Great talents with great practical good sense were united in him through life. He was a Puritan in religion, and of the purest morality. Plain and simple in his manners and affable to all, with an integrity which was never suspected. Cold by nature, yet he performed every duty, public and private, with fidelity and exactness. Though he had no warm admirers, he had no enemies, and was respected by all who knew him. He was a patriot from a sense of duty more than love of country. His moral firmness was immovable. "Neither fear nor the hope of reward" could influence him in the least. He was wise and prudent, never impulsive. Distinguished for his judgment, but wanting in imagination. He did not originate any great measures as a statesman; but he enforced those he adopted with matchless skill and argument. He was not a brilliant orator, distinguished for eloquence; but an able scholar and fluent speaker. It is said that although he spoke with great care, he wrote with difficulty. No elaborate production ever came from his pen. His learning was not extensive or profound, but his good sense supplied all deficiencies. Like a true Yankee, he thought more of New England than all the rest of the world, and loved Connecticut more than all the rest of New England.
The family of Chief Justice Ellsworth came from a little hamlet on a small stream, near Cambridge, in England, called Ellsworth. When the Chief Justice visited