THE EARLY DEVELOPMENTS of the Revolution in Virginia greatly incensed her western inhabitants. Disappointed because of the results of Dunmore's War, their spirits were raised to the fighting point when they learned that Governor Dunmore had called off the negotiations then pending with neighboring Indian tribes, and was permitting the return of hostages. Nor was his decision to abandon Forts Dunmore ( Pitt), Blair ( Randolph), and Fincastle ( Henry) more cordially received. Temporarily forgetting their differences, the westerners reoccupied Fort Dunmore, renaming it Fort Pitt; they organized committees of safety; and, probably more significant still, they petitioned both the Virginia Assembly and the Continental Congress, setting forth their situation and asking for aid and guidance. As they could not hold Fort Blair, it was temporarily abandoned. Later it was rebuilt and named "Fort Randolph."
Both the Continental Congress and the Virginia Assembly resolved to complete the Pending negotiations with the Indians and to do everything in their power to enlist their friendship and neutrality. In pursuance of this purpose, Virginia sent among the Indians Captain James Wood, instructed to negotiate a permanent peace. He met with success, and, as a result, "the largest Indian delegation ever seen at this frontier post," Fort Pitt, assembled in September, 1775. Among them were "Ottawa and Wyandot from the neighborhood of Detroit; Mingo, Shawnee, and Delaware from the Ohio Valley; and Seneca from the upper Allegheny." A satisfactory treaty of peace, neutrality, and friendship was concluded.1
In its effects upon the frontier and the Revolution, the Treaty of Pittsburgh can hardly be overestimated; it clinched the results of the Battle of____________________