Chichicastenango: A Guatemalan Village

By Ruth Bunzel | Go to book overview

GLOSSARY
aguacate, (Nahua) avocado
aguardiente, a highly intoxicating drink distilled from sugar
aj (Q), day name
aipu (Q), day name
alá (Q), boy, son
alcalde, the highest municipal officer
alegre, gay
alguaciles, the lowest grade of official service, the servants of the municipality
ali' (Q), girl, daughter
antiguo (Q) (Sp. Síindico), first regidor
atole (Nahua), a drink made of cornmeal and water, sometimes spiced with various condiments
atole elote, a drink made of ground sweet corn in water
auxiliar, the administrative officer of a cantón
Baile de los Toritos, Dance of the Bulls, a popular fiesta masked dance
barranco, a ravine or canyon
barrio, district onward of a municipio.
brujería, sorcery
cantón, rural territorial within a municipio
capitán, Indian agent of the plantations
carga, burden, the load carried by a porter on journeys
chajales (Q), servants of the convent
chicha, an intoxicating drink made of fermented fruit juice and sugar
chilacayotes, large green squash
chila jukla (Q) (Sp, allí casado), married one! (formal greeting)
chinimtal (Q), marriage spokesman
chirimia, flageolet
chuch (Q), mother
chuchqajau (Q), the Quiché shaman
cofraíia, a group devoted to the worship of a saint
coheteros, those who fire rockets
colonos, Indians permanently settled on plantations
comal, the round clay griddle used for baking tortillas
compadre, term of address used reciprocally between man and his sponsor at baptism or initiation
cuerda, measure of area, see p. 149
doctrina, the Ave Maria, Pater Noster, and Credo, usually recited in Quiché
dueño, owner
ejido, common lands belonging to a town or village
empleado, civil servant
encomienda, the old royal grants of land and Indians to original Spanish settlers
estanco, literally "tank", a place where aguardiente is sold
estoraque, incense
finca, farm; Guatemalan term for coffee and sugar plantation
fiscal, a minor official, in charge of the servants of the convent
hacer costumbre, perform ceremonies, of magic, sorcery, etc.
huipil, (Nahua) woman's blouse
ix (Q), day name
ixtamal (Q), a colander for straining boiled corn
jefe Político, Governor of a province
jornal, a unit of work, supposed to be completed in one day

-430-

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Chichicastenango: A Guatemalan Village
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Foreword v
  • Table of Contents xxv
  • Introduction 1
  • Chapter One - Economic Life 15
  • Chapter Two - Family Life 93
  • Chapter Three - Government 154
  • Chapter Four - Fiestas 192
  • Chapter Five - Man's Fate 261
  • Chapter Six - Rituals in Text Translations 305
  • Appendix I - The Market at Chichicastenango 404
  • Appendix II 410
  • Appendix III 412
  • Appendix IV - Dances 424
  • Appendix V 428
  • Glossary 430
  • Bibliography 433
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