Handbook of Twentieth-Century Literatures of India

By Nalini Natarajan | Go to book overview

cultural critiques, the psychological criticism of M. Lilavathy, and, of course, the personality of M. Krishnan Nair, the columnist who has been publishing a weekly almanac of the literary world for over a quarter of a century. He has been provoking writers and entertaining readers by assessing the week's literary output after comparing them with his usual touchstones: Borges, Garcia- Marquez, Foucault, and Carl Jung. Considered an enemy of every writer in the land, his column, although glib, has brought Malayalam readers and writers closer to an awareness of our existence as part of two larger categories, Indian literature and world literature.


NOTE

Though Kerala has an active publishing culture, several bibliographical problems still persist, most important a lack of consistency in citing sources; writers tend to avoid citations in general. The most important publishing phenomenon of the century was the formation of Sahitya Pravarthaka Sahakarana Sangham (SPCS), an authors' cooperative with a network of bookstores all over Kerala (National Book Stall). SPCS remains a significant publishing house, even though D. C. Books, owned by D. C. Kizhakemuri, one of the founders of SPCS, has emerged as an equal, if not a superior, force, with the purchase of the esteemed Current Books and other smaller imprints. In spite of the decline of the Kerala library movement, which arranged funds for village libraries throughout the state, the strength of book publishing is evident in the number of houses in business. Among the following list of active publishers, many have come to prominence in the past decade: Mulberry, Little Prince, Purna, Prabhath, Vidyarthi Mithram, Mulberry, Chinta, Deepika, CICC, Kairali Book Trust, Mathrubhumi, Sahitya Akademi, Jeevan, Janatha, CLS, Kerala Bhasha Institute, P. K. Brothers, Vidyarambham, D. C. Books, Current, and SPCS. The top two publishers bring out an average of 200 titles a year. SPCS (National Book Stall) is said to be giving 35 percent royalties to its authors, but it is unlikely that more than a dozen writers in Kerala make a living out of their vocation. Almost all the novels, stories, and poems first appear in such commercial periodicals as Mathrubhumi, Kalakaumudi, India Today, Kumkumam, Deshabhimani, Chandrika, Kerala Sabdam, Manorama Weekly, Bhashaposhini, Mangalam, Manorajyam Deepika, and Vanitha before they are released as books, mostly in trade paperback format. Some of the lowbrow periodicals serialize as many as 10 novels simultaneously. Children's publishing and religious publishing are also important elements of the book industry in Kerala.


SELECTED PRIMARY BIBLIOGRAPHY

Anand. Marubhoomikal Undaakunnathu. Kottayam: D. C. Books, 1990.

-----. Alkkoottam. 1970. Kottayam: D. C. Books, 1991.

Antherjanam Lalithambika, Agnisakshi, Kottayam: National Book Stall, 1976.

Appan K. P. Maarunna Malayalam Novel. Alleppey: Gautama, 1988.

-----. Varakalum Varnangalum. Kottayam: D. C. Books, 1994.

Asan Kumaran. Selected Poems. Edited by P. C. Gangadharan. Trivandrum: University of Kerala, 1975.

-203-

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Handbook of Twentieth-Century Literatures of India
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Acknowledgments ix
  • Introduction: Regional Literatures of India-Paradigms and Contexts 1
  • WORKS CITED 18
  • 1- Twentieth-Century Assamese Literature 21
  • Introduction 21
  • WORKS CITED 42
  • SELECTED PRIMARY BIBLIOGRAPHY 42
  • SELECTED PRIMARY BIBLIOGRAPHY 44
  • 2- Twentieth-Century Bengali Literature 45
  • SELECTED PRIMARY BIBLIOGRAPHY 81
  • SELECTED PRIMARY BIBLIOGRAPHY 83
  • 3- Twentieth-Century Indian Literature in English 84
  • INTRODUCTION: THE EVOLUTION OF INDIAN LITERATURE IN ENGLISH 84
  • Notes 95
  • WORKS CITED 96
  • SELECTED PRIMARY BIBLIOGRAPHY 96
  • 4- Twentieth-Century Gujarati Literature 100
  • Conclusion 127
  • SELECTED PRIMARY BIBLIOGRAPHY 128
  • 5- Twentieth-Century Hindi Literature 134
  • Introduction 134
  • Conclusion 152
  • Notes 153
  • Notes 154
  • Notes 155
  • References 157
  • 6- Twentieth-Century Kannada Literature 160
  • Introduction 160
  • WORKS CITED 176
  • SELECTED PRIMARY BIBLIOGRAPHY 176
  • SELECTED PRIMARY BIBLIOGRAPHY 178
  • 7- Twentieth-Century Malayalam Literature 180
  • SELECTED PRIMARY BIBLIOGRAPHY 203
  • 8- Twentieth-Century Marathi Literature 207
  • Introduction 207
  • Notes 238
  • WORKS CITED 239
  • WORKS CITED 241
  • 9- Twentieth-century Panjabi Literature 249
  • SELECTED PRIMARY BIBLIOGRAPHY 286
  • 10- Twentieth-Century Tamil Literature 289
  • WORKS CITED 301
  • SELECTED PRIMARY BIBLIOGRAPHY 301
  • SELECTED PRIMARY BIBLIOGRAPHY 305
  • 11- Twentieth-Century Telugu Literature 306
  • INTRODUCTION: HISTORY AND CONTEXT 306
  • Conclusion 326
  • SELECTED PRIMARY BIBLIOGPAPHY 326
  • SELECTED PRIMARY BIBLIOGPAPHY 328
  • 12- Twentieth-Century Urdu Literature 329
  • WORKS CITED 358
  • 13- Dalit Literature in Marathi 363
  • Introduction 363
  • Notes 377
  • WORKS CITED 377
  • WORKS CITED 378
  • 14- Parsi Literature in English 382
  • INTRODUCTION: HISTORY AND CONTEXT 382
  • Conclusion 395
  • WORKS CITED 395
  • SELECTED PRIMARY BIBLIOGRAPHY 396
  • References 397
  • 15- Sanskrit Poetics 398
  • WORKS CITED 406
  • WORKS CITED 407
  • 16- Perspectives on Bengali Film and Literature 410
  • Introduction 410
  • WORKS CITED 421
  • Selected General Critical Bibliography 423
  • Index 425
  • About the Contributors 439
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