Memory Consolidation: Psychobiology of Cognition

By Herbert Weingartner; Elizabeth S. Parker | Go to book overview

These cognitive processes are involved in relating recently processed events to previously established structures in memory that represent the organism's previously acquired knowledge base (e.g., semantic memory). These structures can be seen as providing a context for the rehearsal of information in working memory. These same structures may be continually reactivated long after an event has been processed and encoded (even weeks later) and may be involved in recoding information in episodic memory so that it is integrated with information in knowledge memory. This process would include the reorganization of information in episodic memory, and this cognitive operation may occur in stages and over an extended period of time.

These three processes that are viewed as different types of memory consolidation are portrayed in Fig. 1. 1. It explicitly tries to link cognitive and biological processes in a manner that can be applied to the analysis of memory phenomena. As such it has provided us with a useful heuristic and framework for thinking about memory consolidation.


REFERENCES

Bartlett F. C. Remembering: A study in experimental and social psychology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1932.

Boring E. G. A history of experimental psychology. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1950.

Tulving E. & Donaldson W., Eds. Organization of memory. New York: Academic Press, 1972.

Weingartner H., Hall B., Murphy D. C., & Weinstein S. Nature, 1976, 263, 311.

Wickelgren W. A. Learning and memory. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1977.

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