As do most authors, I owe debts of support and encouragement. I especially want to acknowledge the generosity of the Earhart Foundation, which awarded a Fellowship that gave me time to write and a Grant for readying the manuscript for publication. Saint Joseph's University's Faculty Research and Faculty Development Programs also extended financial aid. A. E. Campbell gave the manuscript a thorough reading, much to its improvement. Antoinette M. Burton aided me in some aspects of my research. Others whose encouragement I value included colleagues James E. Dougherty, Frank Gerrity, Anthony J. Joes, Graham Lee, Randall Miller, as well as friends, John S. Monagan and John Lukacs. Stephanie Auer's dedication to the task of typing various drafts of the manuscript deserves special thanks.