Europes reliance on U.S. security commitments and raised the prospects for overcoming entirely the division of the continent.
Soviet recognition of Western interest in retaining nuclear weapons tempered Soviet insistence on disarmament in some areas. Continued U.S. support for SDI research indicated the benefits of compromise. Soviet obstinacy on defensive arms could have rekindled Western enmity at a time when the U.S. government was losing its enthusiasm for ABM systems. Similarly, Soviet demands to remove all U.S. tactical nuclear forces from Europe would at best come to nought and at worst raise Western suspicions. Appreciation for the belief of NATO leaders in the stabilizing role of U.S. nuclear engagement persuaded the USSR to modify its position and to make do with a reduction in stages of TNWs.