In 1964, African political leaders in South Africa and Zimbabwe began to exert concerted efforts to end the colonial conditions that Ian D. Smith and Hendrik F. Verwoerd represented. In Zimbabwe such men as Ndabaningi Sithole, Joshua Nkomo, and Robert Mugabe exercised political leadership in spearheading African struggle for the transformation of Zimbabwe. In South Africa Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu, Oliver Tambo, Tabo Mbeki, and Govan Mbeki played a major role in its transformation. That Smith and Verwoerd tried to maintain white minority governments suggests the conclusion that as each man took office, Smith in 1964 and Verwoerd in 1958, he was not aware that the days of colonial rule were numbered. In South Africa there were three other political leaders after Verwoerd: John B. Vorster, Pieter W. Botha, and Frederik W. de Klerk. In Zimbabwe Smith was the last colonial leader.
The purpose of this study is to discuss the roles that Bishop Desmond M. Tutu and Bishop Abel. T. Muzorewa played in the transformation of South Africa and Zimbabwe, respectively. In taking this initiative the study furnishes evidence to substantiate the following conclusions: As religious leaders Tutu and Muzorewa felt called upon to sustain the legacies established by Bishop Trevor Huddleston in South Africa from 1943 to 1956 and Bishop Ralph E. Dodge in Zimbabwe from 1956 to 1964. As soon as Muzorewa was elected bishop of the United Methodist Church in August 1968 and as soon as Tutu was elected bishop of the Anglican