Desmond M. Tutu: The Man and His Mission
We are committed to black liberation, because thereby we are committed to white liberation. You will never be free until we blacks are free.
-- Desmond M. Tutu, 1980
Beginning in 1931, the year Desmond M. Tutu was born, when he thought he was secure in his political position, J. B. Hertzog began a campaign to elevate Afrikaner nationalism to a new level that he believed would later create a situation to overcome the confrontation that would come from the rise of African nationalism. Allister Sparks captures the dynamics of this cultural and political crossroads between Hertzog and the Africans, saying that James Munnik launched the Afrikaner nationalist revolution like Steve Biko did in his Black Consciousness Movement half a century later, because his people needed to be uplifted before there could be any talk of joining hands with their conquerors and oppressors.1 Sparks goes on to conclude that the Afrikaners had to take care of their own needs first, before they had themselves rehabilitated in the national environment and tried to determine the nature of their relationships with Africans, a group of people they considered inferior. Hertzog was not a man who could be persuaded to believe that Afrikaners and Africans had anything in common on which to build a