would assume a major role in the Africans' struggle for self. He also recognized early in his life that apartheid was an evil system that enslaved the Africans. Just as Hertzog was determined to concede nothing to Africans, so was Tutu determined to rise above the level of oppression to which apartheid reduced them, to envisage himself as leading a struggle to restore their sense of identity and pride as a people. Such is the narrative of a national leader who had a vision of both himself and the people he led as determined to fight against evil.
In designing an effective strategy to fight against apartheid, Tutu utilized his knowledge of the philosophy of the Afrikaners and the theology of the NGK as one of the major problems that he had to confront. Having come under the influence of Father Trevor Huddleston at the age of 13 in 1944, Tutu came to understand the meaning of commitment to a noble cause. He used this understanding to exert a positive influence on the Africans' response to apartheid. As a spokesman for the South African Council of Churches, Tutu did more than was expected of a religious leader in promoting a new level of consciousness among Africans of the need to summon all their willpower to engage in a long-drawn-out war to save themselves from the jaws of an old monster, apartheid.
There is no question that Tutu measured up to expectations in playing his role in arousing a passion among his people for dignity and equality in society. This means that apartheid had to go. This also means that the government of South Africa must reflect the universal principle of majority rule. In short this means that the Nationalist government must cease to exist and the monopoly of political power the Afrikaners had been exercising since Jan van Riebeeck arrived at the Cape in April 1652 must also come to an end and be replaced by the Africans themselves. How would the Africans accomplish this seemingly impossible task?