Crime, Violence, Gangs, and Drug
Abuse: What Urban Schools Can Do
|•||By age eleven, 11.7 percent of students report being intoxicated at least once.|
|•||By age sixteen, 52 percent report being intoxicated at least once.|
|•||By age eight, 40 percent of the students report experimenting with drugs.|
|•||Of eleventh graders 7.4 percent report daily use of marijuana, and 39.3 percent report engaging in the extremely dangerous practice of using two or more drugs at the same time during the last six months.1|
Results of a review of records and needs assessment surveys completed by staff and parents showed that over 37 percent of K-12 students showed problems with chronic school failure, discipline, and attendance, were children of alcoholics, and/or were educationally disadvantaged. Also, over 60 percent of the students had no skills to cope with peer pressure for substance abuse.
Immigrant parents do not understand the criminal justice and/or the educational system. When confronted with the legal system, parents lack trust and understanding of how the system works. They often come from a country where law enforcement and government institutions are corrupt. They need education about the legal system, juvenile justice system, law enforcement, and the expectations of American institutions in general. In a telephone survey conducted by the district of Santa Ana, California, 97 percent of parents support curriculum instructing students on the dangers of drugs and alcohol, 50 percent of parents were unaware of counseling programs, 61 percent were unaware of gang pre-