The Legacy of Woodrow Wilson: American War Aims in World War I

By David M. Esposito | Go to book overview

In 1914 force and foreign policy were not yet closely associated by most Americans or their president. The future would show that America had more to do with the war than Wilson imagined in 1914. Although the immediate causes of the war could not touch the U.S., its outcome, and the means that the different coalitions employed in waging it, could radically affect America's place in the world. Most of all, the war could and did challenge the traditional understanding of American security in ways that were inconceivable before 1914.


NOTES
1.
David F. Houston, Eight Years with Wilson's Cabinet, 1913 to 1920 ( New York: Doubleday, Page, 1926), I, 118-9; Joseph Grew, Turbulent Era ( Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1952), 1, 131-3; William A. White , The Autobiography of William Allen White ( New York: Macmillan, 1946), 506. For an excellent restatement of the World War as watershed thesis see Stuart Rochester, American Liberal Disillusionment ( University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1977), 23-7 and passim.
2.
William Widenor, Henry Cabot Lodge and the Search for an American Foreign Policy ( Berkeley: University of California Press, 1980), 188-93.
3.
Patrick Devlin, Too Proud to Fight ( New York: Oxford University Press, 1975), 234-5.
4.
Wilson to Charles W. Eliot, August 14, 1914, Arthur Link, et al. (eds.), The Papers of Woodrow Wilson [hereafter PWW], ( Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1966- 1995), XXX, 452. Sondra Herman, Eleven against War ( Stanford, CA: Hoover Institute Press, 1969), 194- 8.
5.
Charles Seymour, The Intimate Papers of Colonel House, 4 vols. ( Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1926- 1928), House to Wilson, August 22, 1915; and diary, August 30, 1915, I, 285, 293.
6.
Wilson's offer of his services, and foreign replies, are detailed in Papers Relating to the Foreign Relations of the United States, 1914 Supplement: The World War [hereafter FRUS], ( Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1928), 42-45. For official German diplomatic documents see Andre Scherer and Jacques Grunewald (eds.), L'Allemagne et les Problémes de la Paix Pendant la PremiéreGuerre Mondiale

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The Legacy of Woodrow Wilson: American War Aims in World War I
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Copyright Acknowledgments v
  • Contents vii
  • Acknowledgments ix
  • Chapter 1 - Containment 1917 1
  • Notes 10
  • Chapter 2 - Most Terrible of All Wars 13
  • Notes 24
  • Chapter 3 - A Cruel and Unmanly Business 27
  • Notes 36
  • Chapter 4 - Not One Chance in Thousands 39
  • Notes 56
  • Chapter 5 - Toward an American Neutrality 61
  • Notes 80
  • Chapter 6 - These People Have One God -- Force 83
  • Notes 93
  • Chapter 7 - The Sun Rises in the West 97
  • Notes 111
  • Chapter 8 - Force Without Stint or Limit 117
  • Notes 129
  • Chapter 9 - Venomous Victories 133
  • Notes 141
  • Bibliography 143
  • Index 155
  • About the Author *
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