Human Behavior in Today's World

By Waris Ishaq | Go to book overview

Preface

My participation in this book -- recruiting the authors, putting together the chapters, editing them, conferring with authors, writing my own pieces, condensing Sidman Coercion and Its Fallout ( 1989) -- is the product of having put myself in a "Skinner box" -- an environment rich with reinforcers and under the rigid control of contingency management procedures. For example, if the graph on which I recorded my output of work did not say so, I could not press the "lever" to obtain my cup of coffee; I could not take my television world news break. If I exceeded my work-target, Pellici"s restaurant -- where I practice my Italian, and also exchange views with the younger Pellici, a graduate student -- is just around the corner. Ergo, my behavior was "determined" by events in the environment -- a major theme of this book.

The final putting together of this book was done in the home of Murray and Rita Sidman in Boston, Massachusetts, where I was a guest for several days in 1990. I did much of my editing and writing work sitting in their balcony overlooking the Charles River. I could see Cambridge across the river, with Harvard over to the left -- and I felt the presence, too, of B. F. Skinner, to whom this book is dedicated.

In Boston, being among the gods, as it were, became a reinforcer for my work on this book. The finished product, emerging from my work in the Sidman home, contains many refinements suggested by Murray and by his wife, Rita. She has been living with the science of behavior analysis for many years, and is actively involved in their publishing venture.

-xi-

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Human Behavior in Today's World
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface xi
  • Acknowledgments xiii
  • Introduction: Behavior Analysis in a Sociopolitical Context 1
  • References 15
  • Part I - The World is Falling Apart 17
  • 1 - Why We Are Not Acting to Save the World 19
  • 2 - The Sky is Falling 31
  • References 37
  • 3 - Behavior Analysis and Global Survival 39
  • References 49
  • 4 - Beware of Coercion 51
  • References 69
  • Part II - The Science of Behavior Change 71
  • 5 - The Source and Control of Behavior 73
  • References 85
  • 6 - Free Operant Behavior Research Methods 87
  • References 96
  • 7 - Verbal Behavior: A Four-Term Contingency Relation 99
  • References 108
  • 8 - Stimulus Equivalence: Implications for Teaching 109
  • References 119
  • 9 - Everyday Stimulus Equivalences for the Brain-Injured 123
  • References 131
  • 10 - Schedules of Reinforcement 133
  • References 138
  • 11 - Behaviorology: Its Paradigm 139
  • References 147
  • Part III - Education: Problems and Solutions 149
  • 12 - Contingencies in Day Care Licensing Standards 151
  • References 161
  • 13 - A Rational Technology of Education 163
  • References 170
  • 14 - Positive Reinforcement in Education 171
  • 15 - Behavior Analysis With the Mildly Handicapped 175
  • References 183
  • Part IV - Stimulus Control In Etiology and Treatment 189
  • 16 - Stimulus Control: Principles and Procedures 191
  • 17 - Applocation: Substance Abuse and Dependency 205
  • References 214
  • 18 - Application: Smoking 217
  • References 227
  • Part V - Applications In the Practice of Psychology 231
  • 19 - Clinical Behavior Analysis 233
  • References 244
  • Part VI - Culture and Behavior 247
  • 20 - Walden Two in Real Life: Behavior Analysis in the Design of a Culture 249
  • References 255
  • 21 - Behavior Analysis Across Cultures 257
  • References 277
  • Part VII - In the World of Work 279
  • 22 - Behavior Analysis in Organizations 281
  • References 290
  • Part VIII - Epilogue 293
  • 23 - Wrap-Up: Behavior Analysis is Doing Good Well 295
  • Index 301
  • About the Editor and Contributors 309
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