Letter Samuel C. Jackson to William Truc, in
Freehling, The Nullification Era, 165.
Richard E. Ellis, The Union at Risk: Jacksonian Democracy, States' Rights, and
the Nullification Crisis ( New York: Oxford University Press, 1987), 179.
Carl Kell, "A Rhetorical History of James Hamilton, Jr.: The Nullification
Era in South Carolina, 1816-1834," Ph.D. diss., University of Kansas, 1971, 148.
Ralph T. Eubanks, "The Rhetoric of the Nullifiers," in Oratory in the Old South, Waldo W. Braden, ed. ( Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1970), 39.
Most of this biographical material is from Dumas Malone, Dictionary of
American Biography, vol. VIII ( New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1932), 187-188;
and Kell, "A Rhetorical History of James Hamilton, Jr."
Delivered October 21, 1828. Text from Kell, "A Rhetorical History of James
Most of this biographical material on Calhoun is taken from the sketches by Richard N. Current in The Encyclopedia of Southern History,
David C. Roller and Robert W. Twyman, eds. ( Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press), 171 and
by Emory Thomas in Encyclopedia of Southern Culture,
Charles Reagan Wilson and William Ferris, eds. (Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 1989), 1183-1184.
Delivered in the U.S. Senate, February 15 and 16, 1833. Text in The Papers of
John C. Calhoun, vol. XII, 1833-1835,
Clyde N. Wilson, ed. ( Columbia: University of
South Carolina Press, 1979), 45-94. Wilson editorialized about this version of the
speech: "The version of this well-known speech selected for reproduction is that
prepared by Calhoun himself for the 1843 edition of his Speeches."
FOR FURTHER READING
Ericson David F. "The Nullification Crisis, American Republicanism, and the
Force Bill Debate." Journal of Southern History 61 ( 1995), 249-270.
Freehling William W. Prelude to Civil War, the Nullification Controversy in South
Carolina, 1816-1836. New York: Harper and Row, 1965.
Maier Pauline. "The Road Not Taken: Nullification, John C. Calhoun, and the
Revolutionary Tradition in South Carolina." South Carolina Historical
Magazine 82 ( 1981), 1-19.
Peterson Merrill D. Olive Branch and Sword--The Compromise of 1833. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1982.
John C. Calhoun
Bartlett Irving H. John C. Calhoun: A Biography. New York: Norton, 1994.
Coit Margaret L. John C. Calhoun, American Portrait. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1950.
Curry Herbert L. "John C. Calhoun." In A History and Criticism of American Public
Address, vol. II,
William Norwood Brigance, ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1943.
Niven John. John C. Calhoun and the Price of Union: A Biography. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press. 1988.
Wiltse Charles M. John C. Calhoun, Nationalist: 1782-1828, John C. Calhoun, Nullifier:
1829-1839, and John C. Calhoun, Sectionalist: 1840-1850. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1944, 1949, 1951.