THE REFORM AND UNIFICATION OF THE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM
The movement of educational reform and its effect in Brazil -- The reform of 1928 in the Federal District -- The revolution of 1930 -- The Ministry of Education is created -- The reform of Francisco Campos -- The reorganization of secondary and higher education -- The question of religious teaching -- The Church and the State -- The Manifesto of the pioneers of the new education -- The Fifth National Conference of Education -- Toward educational reconstruction in Brazil -- Conflict of tendencies -- The educational policy of the Federal District ( 1932-1935) -- New cultural and scientific institutions -- The foundation of the University of São Paulo -- The first Faculty of Philosophy, Science and Letters -- The University of the Federal District -- the Constitution of July 16, 1934 -- The quantitative expansion of secondary education -- The process of democratization -- The first professors of secondary education trained in Brazil -- The regime implanted on November 10, 1937 -- Tendencies toward unification of the educational system -- The renaissance of the nationalist spirit -- The University of Brazil -- The National Faculty of Philosophy -- The new factors of expansion and cultural unity -- The library movement -- Radio broadcasting and educational motion pictures -- The cultural activity of the Ministry of Education -- Toward the defense of our artistic traditions -- The organization of national statistical services.
OBSERVERS HAVE CONSIDERED as the culminating point in the movement of educational reform in Brazil, the reform of 1928 in the Federal District, which became the most intense center of irradiation of the new ideas in pedagogical techniques. Some historians of education have not hesitated in affirming that with the reform substantiated in decree no. 3,281 of January 23, 1928, we entered resolutely upon a new phase of the history of Brazilian education.1 Whatever may be, however, the point of view____________________