FAKING AND MALINGERING
"Can doctors really know when someone is lying?"
Because court proceedings have outcomes that are of utmost importance to the involved parties, the likelihood of dishonesty as a way to effect favorable decisions must be seriously considered by evaluators. The criminal defendants who would prefer to be in a psychiatric facility than to be incarcerated in a jail cell may feign psychotic symptoms and appear unable to stand trial. The victim of a motor vehicle accident, in order to maximize the monetary award for putative injury, may magnify or even fabricate signs of physical disability or brain damage. In contrast, a parent who is embroiled in a child custody battle may simulate the essence of mental health and conceal any hint of psychopathology. Furthermore, some criminal defendants who are truly suffering from a mental disorder may attempt to conceal their symptoms, either because they do not want to be considered insane or because they prefer the prison environment over a psychiatric facility.
Although psychologists and psychiatrists are not expected to demonstrate high degrees of accuracy in detecting malingering, they are, nonetheless, required to make some assessment of a person's credibility. You should be familiar with the comprehensive review by Rogers ( 1988) on the evaluation of malingering, and be knowledgeable about methods to detect faking and dissimulation.
"You're pretty sure that he's lying, aren't you?"
To declare that a person is lying or faking is a provocative judgment to make. It is an opinion that is difficult to prove objectively and such accusations of