I know that this work was only possible because I was perched upon the shoulders of a veritable peoples' army; like all true peoples' armies, it was made up of individuals who willingly volunteered their energies, each of whom made a vital contribution. As all military theorists know, victories are achieved due to a variety of factors. In my case five were crucial: technical, financial, intellectual, moral, and spiritual.
As to the first, many thanks to the disciplined and expert troop of librarians at the Bibliothèque Nationale, the Archives Nationales, the Bibliothèque Polonaise ( Adam Mickiewitz), the Bibliothèque Historique de la Ville de Paris, and the Conseil d'État (all in Paris), and to Robert Thiery of the Bibliothèque d'Études Rousseauistes in Montmorency; M. Christian Peri of the Centre de Recherches Corses in Corte; the International Committee of the Red Cross, the Institut Henri Dunant, and the Bibliothèque Publique de la Ville de Génève, all in Geneva; the Bodleian Law Library, and the Codrington in Oxford. I would like especially to thank the librarians in the Upper Reading Room of the Bodleian: David Busby, Helen Rogers, and Vera Ryhajilo who never faltered despite being buried under a bombardment of requests. I would also like to thank the archivists of the foreign ministries of France, Belgium, the United States, and Great Britain in Nantes, Brussels, Washington, DC, and Kew. Many individuals gave documents that proved invaluable; Professor Geoffrey Best supplied hand- written annotations on Brussels, as well as his very own notes on this work in its previous incarnation as a D.Phil.; Colin Lucas generously permitted the pillage of his libraries, both at King's Mound and Balliol; Professor Adam Roberts came up with numerous obscure texts and a comprehensive bibliography on military occupation and resistance, and Professor Ian Clark was unfailingly encouraging and supportive both during and after the examination of my D.Phil. I had a technical ops team whose work in the arts of translation was phenomenal: first of all a heartfelt thanks to Michal Myck of St Peter's College, who represents the finest of Polish traditions of peace, and whose work at the National Library in Warsaw gave me both Tadeusz Kosciuszko and Karol Stolzman. Sono grata a Dr Federico Varese and Luca Nunziata, both of Nuffield College, for the Italian translations of the legendary Carlo Bianco, count of St Jorioz (Freddie also offered helpful words of encour-