THE ORGANIZATION AND METHODS OF THE COMMUNIST INTERNATIONAL
T HE 1st and 2nd World Congresses decided that the Comintern was to be a world party made up of separate Sections, i.e. the national Communist parties. Its purpose was "to fight for the overthrow of the international bourgeoisie and for the creation of an international Soviet republic", using all possible means, including armed force.1 In consonance with this task the Comintern was organized on a strictly centralized basis and its methods corresponded to the requirements of the revolutionary struggle.
On the one hand the organization of the Comintern displayed all the elements of a Communist Party but on the other, unlike the national parties, it also had organizational features which enabled it to fulfil its role as a world party.
The supreme organ of the Comintern, according to para. 4 of the statutes, was the World Congress, to which the Sections were to send their delegates; so that the World Congress was to correspond to the Party Conference of a national Communist Party, at which the delegates of lower formations assembled. The World Congress was also to elect the Executive Committee, the ECCI, as its governing body. The ECCI can be compared with the Central Committee of a national Communist party, while the Politbureau of a national Communist party corresponded to the Presidium elected by the ECCI and presided____________________