THE 21 CONDITIONS
THE 1st Congress of the Communist International did not draw up any precise conditions for the admission of parties to the Third International. When the 1st Congress was convened there were in the majority of countries only Communist trends and groups.
The 2nd Congress of the Communist International is meeting in different circumstances. At the present time there are in most countries not only Communist trends and tendencies, but Communist parties and organizations.
Application for admission to the Communist International is now frequently made by parties and groups which up to a short time ago still belonged to the Second International, but which have not in fact become Communist. The Second International has finally broken down. The in-between parties and the centrist groups, seeing the utter hopelessness of the Second International, are trying to find a support in the Communist International, which is growing steadily stronger. But in doing so they hope to retain enough "autonomy" to enable them to continue their former opportunist or "centrist" policy. The Communist International is becoming, to some extent, fashionable.
The desire of some leading 'centrist' groups to join the Communist International indirectly confirms that it has won the sympathies of the overwhelming majority of the class-conscious workers of the entire world and that with every day it is becoming a more powerful force.
The Communist International is threatened by the danger of dilution by unstable and irresolute elements which have not yet completely discarded the ideology of the Second International.
Moreover, in some of the larger parties ( Italy, Sweden, Norway, Yugoslavia, etc.) where the majority adhere to the Communist standpoint, there still remains even today a reformist and social- pacifist wing which is only waiting a favourable moment to raise its head again and start active sabotage of the proletarian revolution and so help the bourgeoisie and the Second International.
No Communist should forget the lessons of the Hungarian revolution. The Hungarian proletariat paid a high price for the fusion of the Hungarian Communists with the so-called "left" social-democrats.
Consequently the 2nd Congress of the Communist International thinks it necessary to lay down quite precisely the conditions of