In the twentieth century, sociologists, clerics, novelists, journalists, and political scientists have made numerous studies of southern Jewish groups. Although the investigations in this collection date back a decade or more, and conditions have undoubtedly changed somewhat in recent times, these essays do delineate the role and status of the southern Jew.
In many areas Jews have been economically successful but socially segregated. Journalists David and Adele Bernstein outline the barriers Jews have encountered in Richmond. Leonard Reissman provides a detailed sociological study of the New Orleans Jews, noting what he terms "a status ceiling" which prohibits them "from full public acceptance into the social élite." Both the Bernsteins and Reissman observe an increase in antisemitism during this century. Even though the lack of full social acceptance is berated by many Jews, Rabbi Sidney I. Goldstein fears that complete integration which results in intermar-