THE OTHER SIXTEEN HOURS
O UR study of Midland was focused primarily upon work life within the company. We have reported thus far on the development of the initial expectations and anticipations which employees and company brought to their relationship, and the transformation of these expectations into a psychological contract. We have examined the central concerns which people expressed -- interdependence, balanced distance, and change -- and have pointed up the ways in which efforts to deal with these concerns appear to be related to aspects of behavior characteristic of mental health.
In this exposition we have said little about home and community relationships. These, too, inevitably become intertwined with work life. Our understanding of the mental health aspects of work cannot be rounded out without some consideration of how work experience affects and is related to other aspects of living. Furthermore, our observations indicate that work, because of its importance for the total life adjustment of the person, has significant effects on his experience outside of work. Work can significantly influence the range and variety of sources of gratification to be found after working hours.
The work setting and the immediate situation of the job had direct influences on the gratifications which could be obtained in social-family life and the degree of work-home interaction. Shift work is a good example, for its effects invariably were described by those who worked on shifts.