This book would not have been possible without the support of many people at all stages of its composition. Professor Vincent P. DeSantis of the University of Notre Dame guided me in my early researches into this topic, and he has continued to encourage me in the years since. The late Professor David J. Gorman of Canisius College first introduced me to the joys of history, then became a friend who encouraged and supported me thereafter.
Personnel at numerous libraries, repositories, and archives made their resources available and offered generous help besides. These included: Manuscript Division of the Library of Congress; Cincinnati Historical Society; Kentucky Room of the Louisville Free Public Library; Special Collections, Butler Library, Columbia University; Chicago Historical Society; Ohio Historical Society; Henry E. Huntington Library; the National Archives and Records Service, Washington; Canisius College Library; University of Notre Dame Memorial Library; Buffalo and Erie County Public Library; Gannon College Library; Erie (Pa.) Public Library; Mitchell Memorial Library, Mississippi State University; and, most important of all, the University of Notre Dame Archives, particularly its former director, the late T. T. McAvoy, C. S. C.
Many individuals besides those already mentioned were instrumental in the completion of this work: PresidentJames D. McComas, Dean Edward McGlone, Associate Dean Charles Lowery, and History