The President and the
[The Supreme Court] has been in angry collision with the most dynamic and popular Presidents in our history. Jefferson retaliated with impeachment. Jackson denied its authority; Lincoln disobeyed a writ of the Chief Justice; Theodore Roosevelt, after his Presidency, proposed a recall of Judicial decisions; Wilson tried to liberalize its membership; and Franklin D. Roosevelt proposed to "reorganize" it.
Robert H. Jackson, The Struggle: Judicial Supremacy ( New York: Vintage Books, 1941), p. x
Packing the Supreme Court just doesn't work . . . whenever you put a man on the Court, he ceases to be your friend. I'm sure of that. I've tried it and it won't work.
President Harry Truman, Speech at Columbia University, New York, April 28, 1959
For most practical purposes the President may act as if the Supreme Court did not exist. . . . The fact is that the Court has done more over the years to expand than contract the authority of the Presidency. . . . In the nature of things judicial and political, the Court can be expected to go on rationalizing most pretensions of most Presidents. It is clearly one of the least reliable restraints on presidential activity.
Clinton Rossiter, The American Presidency ( New York: Harcourt, Brace and World, 1960), pp. 56, 58-59