The Convention established an International Commission for Air Navigation as a permanent body placed under the direction of the League of Nations.18 Its main duties are to make and receive proposals for amending the convention, to amend the technical annexes, to collect and communicate information of interest to air navigation, to give opinions on questions submitted to it, and to carry out certain specific duties imposed upon it by the convention.19
Law of Aërial Space in Time of Peace . -- 2 Baker, Wilson and World Settlement ( 1922-23), ch. 46; * Baldwin, in 4 A. J. ( 1901), 49 ff.; Bielenberg, Die Freiheit des Luftraums ( 1911); Blachère, L'air etle droit ( 1911); Catellani, Le droit aéieu ( 1912); *1 (2Pt.) Fauchille, Nos. 5312-17, *in 8 R. D. I. P. ( 1901), 414 ff, in 17 R. D. I. P. ( 1910), 55 ff., in 19 Annuaire ( 1902), 19-86, in 21 Annuaire ( 1906), 76 ff., in 23 Annuaire ( 1910), 297 ff., in 24 Annuaire ( 1911), 23 ff., 303 ff., and in Supp. to 7 A. J. ( 1913), 148 ff.; Fenwick, ch. 17: Fleischmann, Grundgedanken eines Luftrechis ( 1910); Garner, Recent Developments in Int. Law ( 1925), 141 ff.; Grahame, White and Harper, Air Power ( 1917), 197 ff.; Grünwald, Das Luftschiff ( 1908); Hall,____________________
"No military aircraft of a contracting State shall fly over the territory of another contracting State nor land thereon without special authorization. In case of such authorization the military aircraft shall enjoy, in principle, in the absence of special stipulation the privileges which are customarily accorded to foreign ships of war." But a military aircraft which is forced, requested, or summoned to land shall have no right to these privileges. Special arrangements between the States concerned will determine in what cases police and customs aircraft may be authorized to cross the frontier. In no case shall these be entitled to the privileges referred to above.
"In case of war, the provisions of the present Convention shall not affect the freedom of action of the contracting States either as belligerents or as neutrals" (Art. 38).
For summaries of or comments on this important Convention, see Hazeltine, in 29 I. L. A. ( 1920), 387 ff.; 1 Hyde, §§ 190-91; Kuhn, in 14 A. J. ( 1920), 369-81; Lee, in 33 Harv. Law Rev. ( 1919), 23-38; and 1 Oppenheim, §§ 197 a-c.