290. Termination of Consular Functions . -- The consular office terminates through death, recall or dismissal, revocation of the exequatur, or war.30 It is a principle universally recognized that a change in the headship of the appointing or receiving State does not terminate the functions of a consul. Neither a new commission nor exequatur are necessary.31
291. Consular Jurisdiction in non-Christian Countries . -- In China and a few non-Christian countries in Asia and Africa,32 the consuls have not only retained their earlier jurisdiction33 over their own countrymen, but they also enjoy most of the diplomatic privileges and immunities. These include inviolability, certain marks of honor and respect, immunity from civil and criminal jurisdiction, and other miscellaneous rights and privileges.34
Consuls . -- 11, 12, 13, and 15 Annuaire ( 1896), 348 ff., 277 ff., 179 ff., and 275 ff., respectively; Bluntschli, Arts. 244-75; Bodin, Les immunités consulaires ( 1899); Bonfils or * 1 (3 Pt.) Fauchille, Nos. 733-75; Bulmerincq, in 3 Holtzendorff, 687-720, 738-53, and in 1 Marquardsen, Handbuch, §§ 70, 72, 74, 77, 81; 3 Calvo, §§ 1368- 1430, 1445-5, and 1 Dictionnaire de droit int. ( 1885), Art. Consul;____________________
On the status of American consuls in Belgium after the occupation by German troops, see documents in Spec. Supp. to 10 A. J. ( 1916), 445-59. Cf. comments in 2 Hyde, § 701, p. 386; and 1 Oppenheim ( 3d ed.), p. 603.
For Instructions to Diplomatic and Consular Officers of the United States entrusted with the interests of foreign governments at war with the governments to which such officers are accredited, see Supp. to 9 A. J. ( 1915), 118-20.