Or resolution, practical unanimity10 is necessary, though the majority may consider the motion binding upon its members. The results achieved at each session are collected into a procés-verbal (minutes) or Protocol. The body of articles or resolutions adopted are finally collected into a whole -- the Final or General Act, which is signed by the plenipotentiaries of the several States, with or without reservations.
294. Language. -- The official or customary language used at these Conferences was formerly French -- the language of diplomacy par excellence; but any delegate has a right to the use of his own mother tongue, and English is now regarded as equally valid or official as French.11
Congresses and Conferences. -- * Baldwin, in 1 A. J. ( 1907), 565-78; Bluntschli, Arts. 12, 108-14; Bonfils or * 1 (3 Pt.) Fauchille, Nos. 796-815; * Buell, Int. Relations ( 1925), ch. 27; 3 Calvo, §§ 1674- 81; Despagnet, Nos. 484-88; 2 Fiore, Nos. 1216-24, and Int. Law Cod. ( 1918), Arts. 1211-50; Geffcken, in 3 Holtzendorff,____________________
On the Organization of the Paris Peace Conference, see: * 1 Baker, Wilson and World Settlement ( 1922-23), chs. 10-11; House and Seymour, What Really Happened at Paris ( 1921), ch. 2; Tardieu, The Truth About the Treaty ( 1921), ch. 3; and * 1 Temperley, Hist. of the Peace Conference ( 1920-21), ch. 7 and pp. 497 ff.
In case of discrepancy between the meaning of two different texts, "each party is only bound by the text in its own language. Moreover, a party cannot claim the benefit of the text in the language of the other party." 1 Oppenehim, § 554, p. 704.