The American Civil War: A Handbook of Literature and Research

By Robin Higham; Steven E. Woodworth | Go to book overview

8 Unpublished Manuscript Collections

Steven Fisher

In the introduction to their classic Civil War Books, A Critical Bibliography ( 1969), editors Allan Nevins, James I. Robertson Jr., and Bell I. Wiley discuss their criteria for selection of the materials covered. Regarding unpublished manuscripts they note that these "were excluded because . . . in many instances the manuscripts are so widely scattered that compilers would have been unreasonably burdened if they attempted to include them and . . . for the most part, users of manuscripts are professional historians who already know where and how to gain access to these sources" (p. vii). Not only were manuscripts excluded, but most published guides to manuscript collections were as well.

One can sympathize with the desire not to burden compilers. However, while it is true that in most cases the users of these documents are professional historians, it is doubtful that even they always have a clear idea about where the manuscripts they seek are located and how to access them.

In 1967, when Civil War Books was published, the primary method of communication between scholars about the location of primary sources was word of mouth. Thankfully this is no longer true. In the years since its publication, a number of useful tools have emerged to aid the researcher in search of unpublished manuscript collections relating to the Civil War.

Manuscript collections are the raw material on which scholarly research is built. To state that the Civil War was well documented is, of course, an understatement. In fact, perhaps no other single event in our history was so well documented; it is the subject of over 50,000 published works. This is not surprising. Individuals involved in the conflict sensed that what they were involved in was monumental. Many, like President Rutherford B. Hayes, would

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The American Civil War: A Handbook of Literature and Research
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Foreword James M. Mcpherson ix
  • Preface xi
  • Introduction Steven E. Woodworth xiii
  • Part I - General Secondary Sources 1
  • 1 - Surveys and Textbooks 3
  • Bibliography 9
  • 2 - General Reference Works 11
  • Bibliography 20
  • 3 - Bibliographies 23
  • Bibliography 27
  • 4 - Periodical Indexes 39
  • Bibliography 44
  • 5 - Genealogical Sources 46
  • Summary 52
  • Summary 52
  • Part II - General Primary Sources 57
  • 6 - Memoirs, Diaries, and Letters 59
  • Letters 73
  • 7 - Published Papers 75
  • Bibliography 83
  • 8 - Unpublished Manuscript Collections 85
  • Bibliography 94
  • Part III - Illustrative Materials 97
  • 9 - Maps, Charts, and Atlases 99
  • Bibliography 108
  • 10 - Photographs and Drawings 111
  • Bibliography 117
  • Part IV - Causation--Events Leading to the War 119
  • 11 - Slavery, Race, and Culture 121
  • Bibliography 128
  • 12 - Constitutional and Political Factors 131
  • Bibliography 141
  • 13 - Economic Factors 144
  • Bibliography 151
  • Part V - International Relations 155
  • 14 - Union International Relations 157
  • Bibliography 169
  • 15 - Confederate International Relations 177
  • Bibliography 184
  • Part VI - Leaders 187
  • 16 - Abraham Lincoln 189
  • Bibliography 200
  • 17 - Jefferson Davis 203
  • Bibliography 209
  • 18 - Union Civilian Leaders 216
  • Bibliography 225
  • 19 - Confederate Civilian Leaders 234
  • Bibliography 240
  • Part VII - Strategy and Tactics: Operations, Campaigns, and Battles 245
  • 20 - Eastern Theater 247
  • Bibliography 260
  • 21 - Western Theater 270
  • Bibliography 283
  • 22 - Trans-Mississippi Theater 287
  • Bibliography 295
  • 23 - War on Inland Waters 298
  • Bibliography 306
  • 24 - War at Sea 313
  • Bibliography 326
  • Part VIII - Conduct of the War 333
  • 25 - Leadership--Union Army Officers 335
  • Bibliography 341
  • 26 - Leadership--Confederate Army Officers 346
  • Bibliography 352
  • 27 - Leadership--Union Naval Officers 357
  • Bibliography 364
  • 28 - Leadership--Confederate Naval Officers 368
  • Bibliography 373
  • 29 - Modern War/Total War 379
  • Bibliography 387
  • 30 - Ordnance 390
  • Biblliography 400
  • 31 - Supplies 405
  • Conclusion 413
  • 32 - Intelligence Activities 419
  • Bibliography 428
  • 33 - Medical Activities 433
  • Suggested Areas for Future Research 445
  • 34 - Enlisted Soldiers 454
  • Bibliography 464
  • 35 - Prison Camps and Prisoners of War 466
  • Bibliography 475
  • Part IX - The Home Front 479
  • 36 - Northern State and Local Politics 481
  • Bibliography 490
  • 37 - Southern State and Local Politics 494
  • Bibliography 500
  • 38 - Industry, Agriculture, and the Economy 505
  • Bibliography 512
  • 39 - Northern Social Conditions 515
  • 40 - Southern Social Conditions 530
  • Bibliography 537
  • Part X - Reconstruction and Beyond 545
  • 41 - Southern Occupation 547
  • Bibliography 556
  • 42 - Economics 561
  • Bibliography 571
  • 43 - Emancipation, Freedmen, and the Freedmen's Bureau 576
  • Bibliography 584
  • 44 - Veterans' Organizations and Memories of the War 586
  • Notes 596
  • Part XI - Popular Media 601
  • 45 - Novels and Other Fictional Accounts 603
  • Conclusion 610
  • 46 - Films and Television 613
  • Bibliography 619
  • 47 - Musical and Narrative Recordings 620
  • Bibliography 657
  • Appendix - Publishers and Dealers of Civil War Literature 659
  • Index 679
  • Bout the Contributors 753
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